Prison systems

The importance of devising other alternatives that will help the private prison systems to curb these obstacles that are affecting their efficiency is therefore essential. For instance the facilities need to engage in provision of full time education programs for five days in a week to enable the inmates that were in school complete their education and offer education opportunity to adults that are not educated. The facilities should also offer a variety of the education and vocational programs to cater for the desires, talent and abilities of all the inmates.

The education program should lie under the stipulated current education curriculum implemented in the country to enable the prisoners to gain the same kind of knowledge as the other students in schools. The pre-release programs that are availed to the prisoners should be more structured to include more varieties of job training, educate the inmates on the appropriate work attitude to acquire and portray, help the inmates to be able to attain job employment after release and effectively cater for the housing arrangements of the prisoners upon release (Douglas et al.

, 1998). The organization of the private prison facilities should be re-evaluated to incorporate new strategies that are more effective on the cost-control aspect as the measures are more beneficial to the society, the economy, prison workforce and inmates. These mechanisms also help the facilities to formulate tactics that will help the organization to curb the obstacles created by the market forces which eventually affect the overall performance of the facilities.

The private prison system should be replaced with up to date strategies that enable central purchasing efficiency, advance operating peripherals, control of medical costs, prudent security staffing ratios and lean administrative structures. Although the cost of implementation will be high the final results will be cost effective enabling the facilities to attain few overhead expenses thus save more. Improving the organization structure of the facilities will help to improve the performance of the correction units which is now under question of its efficiency (FDCBRDA, 1998).

The private correction facilities should also evaluate its mode of staffing to be able to incorporate staffing and motivational strategies that will advocate for the establishment of a good employment relationship. This will help the workforce to attain a profound relationship with the facility and thus maximize on the available resources while protecting the assets of the facilities in an attempt of improving the performance and efficiency of the facilities, because of provision of employee engagement attributes.

The communication between the workforce, the managers and the prisoners will also improve resulting to a decrease in the cases of prison disturbances such as riots, prison assault cases and the plethora of lawsuits filed against these correction units (Douglas et al. , 1998). Trust between the prisoners and the warders on the provision of their safety will ensue because the prison officers will be more competent, work with compassion and therefore implement the concept outlined by the confinement and rehabilitation-oriented models in their operations (Douglas et al. , 1998).

However, this provision encourages the formation of workers unions which tend to be expensive to the management of the facilities that presents a barrier to the provision of quality service delivery at low costs. The facilities can rely on employee leasing during staffing to prevent the constant demand of attention from workers unions (Douglas et al. , 1998). The formulation of the private prison facilities should be effectively planned for to carefully draft the contract that exists between the management of the facilities and the state government or federal officials.

Regulations and policies that the private correction facilities should adhere to should be well stipulated in writing on the contract that defines the existence of a relationship between the private and public sector. Terms and conditions that could make the government or federal officials revoke the contract should be well outlined in the contract to prevent the private correction facilities from taking advantage of its success in the market to reduce public accountability and incorporate higher long term costs.

This will also help the federal and government agencies to regularly audit the performance and efficiency of the facilities and have contingency plans to deal with unscrupulous private correction facility management. Although the benefits achieved by incorporation of these strategies in the formulation of the contract that permits the private sector to run prison facilities may be faced with higher demands of higher bids in an attempt of outsourcing (Gaes et al. , 2004).

From the three alternatives the private prison facilities should implement the management planning strategies because apart from formulation of effective contract terms and conditions better mechanism for organizing, leading, coordinating, controlling, staffing and staff motivation will crop up. This will improve the overall management of the private prison facilities thus increasing its efficiency and cost effectiveness.

However the implementation of this management planning could face operation obstacles which include market forces, global economic stability, the lifestyle of the community and the mandate stipulated by the judicial system (Gaes et al,. 2004). The information presented by this study may limit the findings depicted by the report because the methodology used by the authors of the studies that I have used to collect this information were limited only to the scope of the prisoners and the prison workforce in the private and state government or federal correction facilities.

Also the obstacles that the researchers of these studies faced limited the scope of reality of this study, for instance non cooperation from top executive staff members. In the future the scope of research should be expanded to cater for the views of the public, ethicists and diplomats to enable collection of more information that can help to further improve the efficiency and cost reduction strategies of this two prison facilities.

Furthermore, the socio-legal relationship that exists between the two prison systems will improve to effectively protect the society, prisoners and the prison system. Word Count: 3968 Reference List Archambeault, W. G. & Donald, R. D. Jr. , (1996). Cost Effectiveness Comparisons of Private Versus Public Prisons in Louisiana: A Comparative Analysis of Allen, Avoyelles, and Winn Correctional Centers. Baton Rouge, LA: School of Social Work, Louisiana State University.

Douglas, M. , Fournier, E. , Russell-Einhorn, M. & Crawford, S. , (1998). Private Prisons in the US: Assessment of Current Practice. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates Inc. Florida Department of Corrections Bureau of Research and Data Analysis (FDCBRDA), (1998). Preliminary Assessment of a Study Entitled: A Comparative Recidivism Analysis of Releases from Private and Public Prisons in Florida. Tallahassee, FL: Florida Department of Corrections.