During the last three decades, prisons and jails have become full to capacity because of an increase in drug laws and repeat offenders. Before prisons took control, early punishments were brutal and not humane. There are two different cultures when discussing jails and prisons. Jails can be seen as short term whereas prisons are long term. Crime has been an increasing factor in today’s society, prisons and jails hold the offenders accountable for their actions.
“America’s prison population has more than quadrupled since 1980, although the growth rate has recently been slowing. (Schmalleger, 2011) There are three levels of a prison in the U. S. system today. Maximum, Medium, And minimum security are the levels in which offenders are held. Maximum security prisons hold the most violent criminals that can’t be held in minimum security because they will cause too many problems. The prisons are equipped with razor wire fences, towers with armed guards who are charged to shoot anyone who makes it over the wall. Medium security prisons are facilities secured by fences and holds inmates considered less dangerous to the community or inside the prison.
Minimum security prisons are small fenced in areas, no outer perimeter fences, and no armed guards. Women have their own maximum, medium, and minimum security prisons. “Men's and women's prisons differ. Men's prisons are bigger and more security-conscious; women's prisons tend to have more fluidity in their prison population, since women tend to serve shorter sentences. ” (Cliffsnotes, 2013) Jail and prisons have major differences between the two. Jails are used by local jurisdictions such as cities and counties for short periods of time.
They tend to have fewer amenities, hold a small amount of criminals. People who serve jail are either waiting trial, serve a short sentence or have not paid bail. Prisons have many amenities since the inmates may be serving their lives there. There equipped with exercise areas, common areas for eating, church, classrooms, and libraries. Prisons can handle a mass amount of people, normally segregated as a safety precaution. “Prison staffs are specially trained to work in a prison environment, and a board of governors appointed by the state oversees prison management. (Smith, 2013) Prison subculture controls the inmate world, large inmate populations look to the prison for all of its needs. Inmates going to prison must adjust to the prison life or face consequences. The deprivation model of prison subculture says prisoners are deprived of liberty, goods and services, heterosexual relationships, autonomy, and personal security. Another is the importation model of prison subculture, says inmates bring values, roles, and behavior patterns form outside of the prison. Jails play an important role in the criminal justice system.
America needs jails to keep up with the population of offenders. There locally operated and are short term facilities. Community based correction facilities are privatized and are used to relieve prison space. They lower crowding, operating costs, and avoid lawsuits. Violent behavior occurs in prisons and jails, most common are riots. ‘Although today’s prisons are relatively calm, the ten years between 1970 and 1980 have been called the “explosive decade” of prison riots. ” (Schmalleger, 2011) Causes of riots can be from poor food, weak recreational opportunities.
When you put violent inmates together into an already overcrowding facility, riots are bound to break out. When a crime is committed, the judge decides to incarcerate you or maybe cause of age will lead to probation. Probation is a sentence served under the supervision of a probation officer in the community. The offender must follow the conditions mandated by the court. There are two types of conditions: general and specific. Parole is an early release of an inmate from a correctional facility. Probationers avoid serving time while parolees have been incarcerated.
The parole board will make an assessment on the inmate to decide a judgment of early release. With today’s society making very little change in crime rates, prisons and jails will be around to keep harmful people behind bars. Prisons and jails both work together for a common goal. Jails hold the inmates till trial and then released to prisons to serve there term. Since the first prison created by the Quakers, to today’s system, many changes have taken place for the population increase of offenders.