Analyzing the speech ‘What Educated Women Can Do’ by Indira Gandhi, published in the Selected Speeches and Writings of Indira Gandhi from September 1972 to March 1977 (WordPress. com 2011) stresses on the importance of women’s education and their neglect not only in India but around the whole world. In this speech, Gandhi provides many strong stances on women’s education. Gandhi discusses its culture and superstitions and how women in India have been oppressed of proper/formal education. She also highlights how educated women should carry themselves well by not forgetting their maternal obligation and domestic duties.
In her critique Gandhi emphasizes on the persuasive methods used by Gandhi specifically on Ethos, Pathos, and Logos. Ethos, or the ethical appeal of the argument, represents credibility. Virgintino (n. d). According to (Crewell et al 1996), ‘Ethos is an ethos-driven document relies on the reputation of the author’. However, Pathos is associated with emotion, such as appealing to an audience’s sympathies and imagination Virgintion (n. d). (Crewell et al 1996), ‘Pathos is appeal based on emotion’. Logos refers to any attempt to appeal to the intellect, and it is the general meaning of a “logical argument.
” Virgintino (n. d). (Crewell et al 1996), ‘Logos is appeal based on logic or reason’. In the first part of the speech, Gandhi stresses that women’s education is imperative: ‘Education plays a particularly important role as a foundation for girls’ development towards adult life’ Right to Education Project (2008). Gandhi also expounds the issue of equal rights to gain education as the world turns a cold shoulder on this issue :‘It should be an intrinsic part of any strategy to address the gender based : ‘Discrimination against women and girls those remain prevalent in many societies’ (REP) (2008).
Children are an asset as they can help the country soar towards greater heights. The basic necessity needed to upgrade a country is education. Which Gandhi again mentions in her speech :‘Every child needs to grow and develop then that country can have harmony. No nation which has no harmony can grow in any direction at all’. This is par with the (REP) (2008) view that women education is important is every country. ‘The right for girls to be educated is one of the most critical of all rights because education plays an important role in enabling girls and women to secure other rights’. Gandhi was the 3rd Prime Minister of India.
During her reign, she was looked up to as an independent individual who was able to bring change to India. Her passion toward fighting for independence and women’s rights began at an early age. ‘Indira Gandhi was the daughter of the first prime minister of India however she led a very unsettled childhood due to the fact that her family was involve in the fight for freedom from British rule’ (WordPress. com, 2011). Gandhi was also an influential women and a role model for her people. The citizens of India recognized her capabilities and believed in her strength which caused them to be loyal followers.
‘Gandhi recognized her political party which resulted in a split with her younger, more liberal and progressive elements siding with her’ (WordPress. com, 2011). Furthermore, people respected the dedication Gandhi had for her people while she was in prison carrying out missionary duties. ‘She spent 13 months in jail for her role in nationalist political demonstrations against the British rule. While in jail she taught reading and writing to prisoners’(WordPress. com, 2011). The ethos aspect of the speech could be visualized as it was read and it was clear that Gandhi used terms such as ‘our’, ‘we’ and ‘us’.
In using such terms, Gandhi portrays herself to be a modest person because she wants to put herself in the same situation as her citizens and she blames the citizens including herself. ‘Everything is somewhat of a mixture and it depends on ‘us’ and ‘our’ capability how we can extract the good, how ‘we’ can make use of what is around ‘us’. Also,‘I had to go out in a doli if I left my house. ‘We’ just did not walk’. In doing so, Gandhi speaks her mind without conviction. She is not afraid to be hated by her citizens in pointing fingers at them. Another rhetoric style used is Pathos which is evident in Gandhi’s speech.
She uses a persuading style and a good selection of words in order to grab the attention of her audience. Gandhi also adds vivid emotions into fully gasping the attention of her audience. Words such as ‘neglected’ and ‘reluctant’ show the depth of the situation in India. Overall, Gandhi’s speech was in a collective manner as the usage of words such as ‘us’ and ‘we’ both the audience and writer can relate to the speech. Finally, Logos can be identified in Gandhi’s speech as it goes hand in hand with the Ethos to enhance the speaker’s capabilities in the eyes of the audience.
Gandhi speaks about the deteriorating state of women’s education in India. She clearly states that women around the world have been oppressed of education since the era of our forefathers. She also explains to the public that they are able to change their fate and that is not destiny to die in that manner. In order for the audience children to improve they must first improve. The whole idea of Gandhi in this cause for education of women is to promote the education for women and help them get a better position in their daily life.
She also want to make sure that women have equal rights as men and they shouldn’t be oppressed because they are also human being and have the capability to help in the economic growth of the country. In educating women their future generation will also be better educated as many wives are homemakers and have the capability to teach their children values and knowledge which cannot be obtained in classrooms. http://www. ehow. com/about_5055122_meaning-logos-ethos-pathos. html http://www. rpi. edu/dept/llc/webclass/web/project1/group4/ 1000 words.