Crime, the act or the commission of an act that is forbidden by a public law (Webster Dictionary, 2003) has always been a problem by almost all of the nations around the world. Both developed and developing nations have been struggling to lessen the occurrence of crime in their area. Developed countries are also combating the need against the offenders of law. The United States, considered as a nation with enough equipment and work force to minimize crime rates, also strive minimizing crime rates at least on an annual basis. Thus, being a citizen of this nation, we should be part of this struggle.
Over the past 10 years, the trend has not been stable. Crime rates go up and down. We should first know what types of crime frequently happen and how often do they occur in our community. Being aware of the crime in our community will help us to participate in the decision making regarding safety-related policies around our area. This should also make us more proactive within our neighborhood. Moreover, another advantage of being aware to crime rates will help us to be more prepared with the most reoccurring crime. We would be more vigilant regarding them too.
According to the Uniformed Crime Reports (UCR) of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), from 2006 to 2007, there has been a 1. 4%, 2. 1 %, and 7% decrease in violent crimes, property crimes, and arson-related crimes in the United States (Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Reports, 2007). These decreases may be attributed to the extensive efforts of the various police departments in the state because the crime rates in 2005 to 2006 increased. The estimated volume of violent crimes increased 1. 9 per cent. However, in Illinois, the state where I live, the crime rates have slightly increased.
Recorded violent crimes, in its seven major cities, increased from 1,860 in 2006 to 2,106 in 2007. The number of aggravated assault also increased from 21, 272 in 2006 to 21,808 this year. Fortunately, all other crimes such as rape and property crimes decreased (Preliminary Annual UCR, 2007). Among the seven major cities of Illinois, Chicago, which has the highest number of population also have the most number of crimes, recorded every year. There are about 130,000 recorded property crimes in 2006. It has decreased to around 126,000 for this year(Preliminary Annual UCR, 2007).
More specifically, the recorded crimes in the Cook County accounts for the 52. 2% state crime index. For the past years, there has been recorded decrease in the crime rates in our area. In our area, theft is the most prevailing crime. On the other hand, murder is the least committed crime over the past five years (Cook County Crime Index Offenses 2002-2006). Among the crimes, aggravated assault is the rated as the most prevailing violent crimes. It accounts 60. 7% of the violent crimes. Other prevailing crimes are robbery (31. 6%) and forcible rape (6. 5%) while murder (1. 2%) is the least committed crime (Crime in the United States, 2006).
Personally, I am not surprised about this number of crimes that have occurred in our area because I really have an idea about these crimes. Our police department are open when it comes to giving the stats of the crimes in our area. However, I am surprised because I can see that although the decrease in the number of crimes occurring yearly is still small. These prevailing crimes make the police departments all around the nation more vigilant in crime prevention. Nowadays, police are relatively more approachable.
They open more communication lines for the residents. They can now be reached in more contact numbers. They also entertain emergency concerns and the less urgent ones. In relation to this, they extent more effort to catch the offenders. They tend to respond faster to the calls to them. The police departments also make more extensive police patrols. They become more watchful around their assigned areas. This is important against motor vehicle theft which also accounts for significant number every year. They also practice to give adequate warning for the residents every now and then.
Residents tend to become more watchful in their belongings since theft is the most reoccurring crime in the area. They also update police reports more frequently so that the policy makers would be guided with such information. Other stakeholders like the media can also disseminate the information. But then again, the fight against crime is not only the responsibility of the policemen. We should take part in their efforts for the betterment of the neighborhood. Also, we should report even the slightest hint to them. Lastly, the lack of witnesses who are willing to testify also hinder the policemen work to capture the law offenders.
We should also participate in that. References: United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (September 2007). Crime in the United States, 2006. Retrieved (Jun 23, 2008), from http://www. fbi. gov/ucr/cius2006/. United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. (December, 2007). Preliminary Annual UCR 2007. Retrieved (Jun 23, 2008), from http://www. fbi. gov/ucr/2007prelim/. Illinois State Police. (2006). Cook County Crime Index Offenses 2002-2006. Retrieved (Jun 23, 2008), from http://www. isp. state. il. us/docs/cii/cii06/cii06_Section_I_Pg9_to_26. pdf .