Teenage childbearing has been the subject of long-standing concern among the public and policy makers. In 2009 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that teenagers who give birth are much more likely to deliver a low birthweight or preterm infant than older women, and their babies are at elevated risk of dying in infancy. The three following objectives are achieved by teen moms who choose to breastfeed: 1. Reduction in illnesses in breastfed babies compared to babies whose nourishment comes from baby milk formulas;
2. Increase in bonding and closeness of mother and baby, making infants feel greater security, warmth and comfort; 3. Increase in the mother’s oxytocin levels through skin to skin contact with the baby, thereby calming the mother and child. 4. ) What are some ways you could advertise a health fair or expo? List three and briefly describe each. Three ways to advertise a Health Fairs or Expos: 1. Media Advertising, such as local newspaper, radio, internet and television 2. Direct advertising, such as handouts, brochures, church bulletins 3.
Health clubs, such as Gold’s Gym, 24 Hour Fitness, Bally’s, Crunch 5. ) List and describe two examples of an evaluation method (example: feedback or suggestion section of a Website). Two examples of evaluation methods: 1. Questionnaires Provide simple and effective tools to collect information from a large number of people. They are used to gather information about the community or the results of a product. 2. Focus Group A small group gathering, conducted by a moderator to collect information from group participants.
During the focus group discussion, usually a small group with some shared characteristics, participants are led through a defined series of questions where information that is shared is collected for research purposes. 6. ) Of the five types of diagnoses discussed (social, epidemiological, behavioral, educational, or administrative), what would a focus group be classified as? Briefly explain your answer. A focus group would most likely be classified under educational diagnoses because the purpose of the focus group is to collect data in order to inform needs assessment for understanding and implementing resolutions to problems. 7.
) What is the importance of conducting a needs assessment? A needs assessment is an important part of determining and addressing a current condition by gathering appropriate data and informs the process of developing an effective resolution. 8. ) If you are trying to determine what health programs could benefit a major corporation that includes individuals aged 30-60 years old, why would an epidemiological diagnosis be necessary? An epidemiological diagnosis, which includes mortality and morbidity statistics and the prevalence and incidence of diseases will help to determine the specific health issues affecting 30 to 60 years olds.
The focus of this phase is to identify the health problems and the non-health factors which are associated with poor quality of life. Describing these health problems can help establish a relationship between health problems and the quality of life. IT can also lead to the setting of priorities which will guide your health education programs and show you how to best use your resources. 9. ) Think of an example of how social support can positively influence someone’s health. Briefly describe. Being a part of a social support group where one comes to feel cared for and encouraged is an example of a positive effect of social support.
Social support comes from many sources, such as family, friends, pets, organization and even co-workers. Social support may include emotional, financial, and informational support. 10. ) Choose a behavior that you would like to change about yourself. Apply the Health Belief Model and briefly list and describe the six concepts and how they would apply to your situation. Below are the six concepts of the Health Belief Model and how they apply to my failure to give myself a good start by eating breakfast daily: 1.
Perceived susceptibility – how likely the problem will happen I fear that I will increase my risk of Type II Diabetes, but my perception is that I will somehow not be affected. 2. Perceived severity – how serious are the consequences of the problem The consequences are ultimately death, but my perception is that it will not happen to me. 3. Perceived benefits – how likely that taking action will reduce susceptibility or severity I understand the perceived benefits would be increased health and that taking the action of eating breakfast daily will reduce my risk of Type II Diabetes 4.
Perceived barriers – what things prevent me from taking action I believe that I do not have the time required to prepare breakfast daily. 5. Cues to action – media campaigns, reminder cards, symptoms Advertisements to eat a healthy breakfast and experiencing symptoms such as fatigue, hunger, increased thrist, blurred vision, and numbness in hands and feet. 6. Self-Efficacy – can I do it? I believe I can do it, and will make it a priority to give myself enough time in the morning to make breakfast daily. 11. ) Visit the Weight Watchers website at http://www. weightwatchers. com/.
Review the various types of social networks and social support opportunities they offer. Find two and briefly discuss their details Two types of social networks and social support opportunities provided at Weight Watchers: 1. Group Meetings At group meetings participants weigh in and receive guidance and strategies to weight loss in a supportive and caring environment. 2. On-line WW Friends Group This group is for those people who are struggling to lose weight and need encouragement to help them take the steps to continue to reach their weight loss goals. This is a place to let out your frustrations, insecurities, anxiety, negative feelings.