The economic impact of illegal immigrants in the United States depends on whether taxes paid by illegal immigrants and their contributions to the economy make up for the government services which they use, as well as the economic input of the immigrants themselves and the cost of externalities such as added strain on public health that they may add. In the journal Tax Lawyer of the American Bar Association Section of Taxation, the belief was stated that undocumented migrants are exploiting the U. S. economy and cost more in services they contribute to the economy is “undeniably false” (Lipman).
Lipman asserts that “undocumented immigrants actually contribute more to public coffers in taxes than they cost in social services” and “contribute to the U. S. economy of their investments and consumption of goods and services: filling of millions of essential worker positions resulting in subsidiary job creation, increased productivity and lower cost of goods and services. ” Paul Samuelson, an economist from MIT, asserts that there is no unitary, singular effect, good or bad, that arises from illegal immigration, but instead a variety of effects on Americans depending on their economic class.
Samuelson puts forward that “wealthier Americans tend to benefit from the illegal influx, while poorer Americans tend to suffer” (Elstrom 6-6). There has also been minority racism because of theories of power in society. Immigrants of different nationalities tend to have conflicts and many organized protests had been run against illegal immigration. Also, the increase in border crime is due to illegal immigrants, 90% are nonwhite (Taylor 44) being more likely to be victimized by crime, or illegal immigrants using smugglers, who commit more crime.
Another large-scale multi-million dollar criminal operation connected to illegal immigration is identity theft. Also, the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States found that the government inadequately tracked terrorists with expired tourist or student visas. These terrorists seek ways to exploit the porous borders and attack US homeland, which would destroy the nation (Hayworth). There’s continued illegal immigration adding up to 4 million illegal immigrants settled in the country (Brimelow 83). In September 2005, the U. S.
Citizenship and Immigration Service reported that there were over 2,500 cases of their employees facing misconduct charges involving exchanging immigration benefits for sex, bribery, and influences by foreign government to assist n violations of U. S. border security. In addition, another 50 such cases are being added weekly. All of these are just several impacts of illegal immigration on several aspects of daily living in the United States. The U. S. Customs and Border Protection is responsible for apprehending individuals attempting to enter the United States illegally.
The United States Border Patrol is its mobile uniformed law enforcement arm, responsible for deterrence, detection and apprehension of immigrants who enter the United States without authorization from the government and outside the designated ports of entry. There are several proposed methods of reducing illegal immigration. One is border protection. The main focus of some immigration reduction groups is protecting the nation’s borders by increasing border security. The United States-Mexico barrier has been partially constructed to reduce the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States.
Without this, it will pose huge security risk especially in a new age of domestic terrorism (Dougherty 240). Police and military involvement may also be considered. There have been extensive efforts on the part of the local law enforcement to increase police presence at the border. Another is intergovernmental cooperation. State and law enforcement officers may now be deputized for the purpose of reporting immigrants who have violated immigration laws. Resolutions have been passed mandating police to report felony suspects when they are found to be in the United States illegally.
Others focus on lobbying to lower future illegal immigration levels through congressional action, and to fight amnesties for existing illegal immigrants. Denial of public benefits to undocumented individuals is believed to remove the incentives and rewards for illegal immigrants.
Any alien that is in the United State may be subject to deportation or removal if he or she is found to be an inadmissible alien according to immigration laws in effect at the time of entry to the U. S. or adjustment of nonimmigrant status, violated nonimmigrant status or a condition of entry into the U. S., is present in the U. S. in violation of the Immigration and Nationality Act or any other U. S. law, terminated a conditional permanent residence, encouraged or aided any other alien to enter the U. S. illegally, falsified documents relating to entry into the U. S. , was convicted of certain criminal offenses, engaged in any activity that endangers public safety or creates a risk of national security, engaged in unlawful voting, and so much more. Criticism of Immigration Reduction As mentioned, some economists claim both negative and positive effects of having illegal immigrants in the United States.
Many local citizens claim that the aliens’ illegal status itself is in fact a ground for being apprehended by the authorities, and eventually being deported and banned from reentering the United States, as against making the nation a country of mass immigration (Mills 45). However, there are critics who oppose the immigration reduction, saying that there may be adverse effects on the economy of the United States and the implemented solutions to keep them reduced if illegal aliens would all be deported. The Cato institute is among the critics who argue that increasing border security is counterproductive.
This will reduce the proportion of illegal immigrants caught at the border and increases the length of time illegal immigrants remain in the country. Still, some say there is a need for an immigration policy that makes sense (Samuelson A21). Conclusion It is naturally righteous and just to adhere to laws or regulations implemented in a certain territory especially aside from our own. That is why there are specific regularities in moving from one country to another, that is why there are certain national offices or embassies that take care of the statuses of people who wish to tour, work or live in another place.
That is why they are called immigration LAWS, because they were passed to provide for peace in the country, to protect and to benefit of the public. Therefore, these laws are enacted clearly to protect the rights of citizens and legal immigrants alike, and to penalize those who will violate such. So, it is only proper to adhere to these laws because such will be for the benefit of its citizens and those who righteously follow the laws in the foreign country they are in.
If these immigrants could not abide by the laws of the country where they intend to stay, better yet, they would have to pay for its consequences.
Brimelow, P. Alien Nation: Common Sense About America’s Immigration Disaster. New York: Random House, 1995. 83. Dougherty, Jon E. Illegals: The Imminent Threat Posed by Our Unsecured U. S. -Mexico Border. US: Amazon Remainders Account, 2004. 240. Elstrom, Peter. “Fresh Ideas for the Immigration Debate”. Business Week Online. 27 February 2007: 6-6.