* is the art or science of exercising power and influencing people on a civic, or individual level, when there are more than 2 people involved in formulating and legitimizing politics *activities associated with the governance of the country or area, especially the debate between parties having power When administrator attempt to influence the formulation of policies, they are exercising political leadership and that collective bargaining as a political process because it involves the use of power in decision making . So we need to know about the politics just for a better administration. EDUCATION
*the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, esp. at a school or university: ” *the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgement, and generally of preparing oneself to others intelectually for mature life. POLITICS OF EDUCATION: Political aspects of governance and decision making within educational systems and institutions, and political activities related to education in general. TYPES OF POLITICS IN SCHOOL: ?Micropolitics refers to the use of formal (Formal power may refer to position on the corporate ladder, corporate structure or even job function.
The principal of our school is a good example who acquires formal power, She/ he has decision-making power in many areas,) and informal power The most powerful person in your department is not necessarily your manager. Instead, the person with the most influence, who can lead others to achieve a goal or accomplish a certain task, may enjoy that position of power. Informal power in an organization refers to the ability to lead, direct or achieve without an official leadership title by individuals and groups to achieve their goals in organizations.
Cooperative and conflictive processes are integral components of micropolitics. Iannaccone (1975) was the first to coin the phrase micropolitics of education, which he described as the politics that takes place in and around schools. The focus of micropolitics was on “the interaction and political ideologies of social systems of teachers, administrators, and pupils within school buildings” Another known educator Paulo Freiri describe “The Process of Political Literacy”, (ch. 8), Freire repeats much of his philosophy on literacy. Again he describes the process of knowing, where learners are subjects, not objects, in the literacy process and must learn to be critical readers.
Only this way can they realise the nature of their existence and transform their individual realities. Educators may promote a domesticating (prescriptive) or liberating (dialogical) learning process. The former seeks to retain the status quo, along with its social hierarchy, while the latter’s efforts are towards social equity. Domesticated or politically illiterate individuals see history and their place therein, as fixed or pre-established, whereas liberated politically literate people see themselves as living within history and thus able to affect it.
From a critical point of view, education should be focused on eradicating the barriers that obstruct learners from achieving political literacy. This requires that educators abstain from teaching practices that domesticate learners. In such liberating literacy practices, the conscientization of learners is paramount for making learners aware that they live in a dynamic world that their actions can change.. Other researchers have since defined micropolitics as the strategic use of power by individuals and groups in organizations to achieve preferred .
Still other researchers incorporated concepts from the political science literature as a means of organizational analysis such as politics, power, influence, authority allocation of scarce yet valued resources, dominant coalitions, etc. As the population becomes more diverse and resources more limited, people with different values and ideologies find themselves scrambling for these limited yet valuable resources. ?Macropolitics refers to how power is used and decision making is conducted at district, state, and federal levels.
Macropolitics is generally considered to exist outside of the school, but researchers have noted that micro- and macropolitics may exist at any level of school systems depending on circumstance. ?Must set standard for local education ?Must set standard for teachers education ?Distribute and allocate fund to the local board of education. ?Promote and adheres to the funding principles of Constitution continuously uphold development. (Education act of 182) LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT Local – City, Municipal Board of Education, National- President , Upper and Lower house (Congress and Senators), Provincial- Governors, Board Member.