According to many researchers, globalization narrows down the options available for the elected boards. As these democratic elected boards now have lesser choices available, therefore it can be said that, globalization can pose problems for the national democracy . Similarly, economic globalization also creates problems for the national economics. If we look at the history and beginning of globalization, we can see that in earlier days when globalization was developing people took at as a phenomenon which will change the economics, politics and democracy of the world for betterment.
However views have changes now. New World Order, which was quickly developed after the end of Cold war, was the only form of globalization present at that time. This form of globalization was broken down in to steps and was adapted by only the developing countries. This concept was first spoken off publicly in the 1970’s when the Algerian President of that time called all the developing nations of the World, ‘United Nations’. This meant that the developing Nations were addressed as a whole, and this was the birth of Globalization .
The new information world order or the new world order was the next stage of Globalization, which has also been mentioned above. Diffusing the news internationally or information sharing became another important step of globalization. UNESCO’s director played a very important and pivotal role in this process. This new World order which is also the predecessor of globalization was practiced among the wealthy nations of the world and the third world nations were kept out of this. Therefore, later protests and demonstrations were organized in order to raise voice against this unfair capital distribution.
Wealthy nations who were constantly trying to lower the prices of the exports from the poor nations, then started to think about this issue fairly. In 1980’s this new world order wave was at one of its highest crest. However, the industrialized nations clearly understood that this was a serious matter and that the third World’s protest against this unequal wealth distribution was just. Due to this the even refrained from buying raw materials from these nations at prices lower than average.
However, there were many other things which were controlled by these industrialized and wealthy nations, such as the news agencies. UNESCO was constantly trying to remove this barrier between the two sets of nations and end the monopoly of the industrialized and ‘globalization affected’ nations . When the industrialized nations saw that the third world countries were teaming up against them, these industrialized nations brought globalization a step further and united their military and economic strengths under NATO. The United States also refused to rework on the new world order.
Moreover, as United States was against communist nations, therefore it believed that developing a new information world order meant, giving the control in the hands of he communists leaders, who can censor the information as they want. This was not acceptable to America, and therefore it withdrew from UNESCO. In the 1990s a new World order was developed which was again quickly accepted by the industrialized nations. This stage of globalization was even stronger and more globalized than before. Globalization now had a new meaning. In early 1990’s, during the war of Iraq, globalization became even more important.
The reason for this change was the shift from only informational issues to economic and political issues. Globalization was now affecting political decisions also. The new world order was now not implemented to bring a change in the nations rather it was there to stabilize the existing situations. This stage of globalization emphasized more on political situations rather than economic and informational situations. The United Nations was now responsible for making any international laws and making sure that the countries followed it.
However, in the background it was the wealthy nations, who were running this. The claimed that as they were the industrialized and developed nations of the world, they should set out the rules to stabilize the world’ political situation. At the same time it was said that this globalization affect will help stop the arms race amongst the powerful nations. Moreover it will also help them to take part in developmental activities, especially in the third world, which was not possible without the cooperation of the industrialized nations.
This globalization affect would spread democracy and help stop the cold war. However this did not happen. The term globalization was misused by the industrialized nations. United States attacked many poor nations on the basis of ethnicity and religion, and proclaimed that this action was to stop the spread of terrorist. None of this helped the poor nations, and the new World order did not prove effective. It was also claimed that this new World order will help in spreading democracy, which it did not. No proper international law was formed and hence none of the laws got implemented .