One more possible question that arises is “Why actually we need more women in politics? ” Many researchers express the idea that women politicians are more peace-oriented than men. They are more concerned with the social issues and welfare of the society. Larry Velvel also supports this idea. Moreover, he says that “It would be any reasonable person's hope that we would get more women into government on the ground that women, as you say, in general, not exclusively, are more disposed to social issues rather than war.
In the current House of Representatives and Senate, female federal legislators are far more oriented to social issues than their male counterparts, even some Republican females like Susan Collins and others” (Velvel, 2006). Many scholars came to the conclusion that real participation of women can lead to the significant changes in the processes and structures the present-day political system. Researchers, who focus on the women participation in politics, stress the importance of women, who can make a unique contribution.
Some of them even consider that due to the subordination of women in political world, they have “privileged access to the truth” (Lawrance, 2000). The other point is that women, who already have seats in parliament, want to increase the number of women in politics in order to have support and understanding of the problems they face. Australian researchers came to the conclusion that women politicians are more concerned with expectations and needs of the average person that the general notions of the state well-being (Lawrence, 2000).
This leads to the assumption that women politicians cannot fully substitute male politicians, but present a valuable contribution to the world of politics. Greater representation of women is essential because they introduce new qualities to the political stage of the country. Women politicians claim that greater number of women in politics will have a positive effect due to the fact that they “will not only add to the dramatis personae but of necessity alter the play” (Lawrence, 2000).
Among the main differences in the political priorities of female politicians as different from men is that they put greater stress on the problems of young, sick, old and disabled. Thus, women activity in legislative structures will promote a new type of political vision, more concerned with understanding of ordinary people’s daily lives and needs (Lawrence, 2000). It is essential, however, to attain a sufficient number of women participants in politics, as only in this case female politicians will be able to make a qualitative change in political life of the country.
Sufficient number of women will enable them build their own strategies and not to “adapt to their surroundings, conforming to the predominant rules of the game” and be able to introduce a more skeptical viewpoint to the work and aims of present-day political institutions and activities (Lawrence, 2000). Tamerius states that women politicians have clearer vision of interests of other women and that’s why their representation of politics is essential. On the one hand according to the numerous researches women and men are do not have a significant difference in their attitude to women’s issues in the legislature.
However, according to Tamerius, we have to apply new analytical tools for understanding the effect of gender on representation (Tamerius, 1995). In her research Tamerius concluded that the difference of the gender of the representative cannot be effectively measured by counting roll-call votes. In her study of the activities of legislators, Tamerius came to the conclusion that the higher percentage of women in politics leads to the more effective activity in support of feminist measures.