Political and sociological perspectives have dominated juvenile delinquency as a criminal activity for decades now. Criminology however is not offering a complete review and examination of the key contributors to criminal behaviors. Gunningham (1998) points out that data obtained from thorough study of behavioral sciences; such as physiological psychology, behavioral genetics, and endocriminology, reveals that biological factor play equally important role in development of juvenile delinquency.
Since the two girls were born of same parents the likelihood of them developing antisocial behaviors is very high since they share same behavioral genes from their parents. Since the two girls are subjected to complications such as unpleasant life style and withdrawal of certain freedoms they will develop the antisocial behaviors. Gang activities are not only a problem in the US alone but it is a worldwide problem with youth gangs taking the lead. In the New Orleans state the ‘Gypsies’ also known, as ‘The New Age Travelers’ is a great threat to the state.
The Gypsies is a group of unscrupulous youths who caravan the streets in a convoy of scraped off old fashioned vehicles. They always cause chaos in the streets an engage in series of running battles with the police officers. Others involve in petty crimes as shop liftimg, and drug peddling along the streets. Youth gangs develop due to social and societal influence for example the gypsies is a minority group trying to ape the Ireland gypsies of 16th century. Most of them come from poor families and have no access to proper housing, medical care, and educational facilities.
They therefore think that the solution to their problem is to join the antisocial group they refer to as the ‘The Class of War’. Environmental and biological variables are exerting very strong and independent influence to children’s violent behaviors. Futher on this violence appears to be directly associated to family instability. This instability builds up stressing the child leading to the inability to control his behavior due to the central nervous system and neurological disorders developed due to accumulated stress.
Since violence in children is a disorder occurring as a result of wide and complex issues as cultural, economic, sociological and psychological issues. The teachers and other members of the society should investigate the source of the problem and determine the variables that are responsible for deviancy to block ‘Status Offences’ that may be committed by the child. The delinquent should be entitled to proper juvenile officer for guidance and counseling to learn how to control and manage anger and anxieties.
In any incident of violent behavior the delinquent should be handled carefully, not to be thrown into the juvenile homes with no hopes of rehabilitation. In the homes he may associate with others and develop more deviant behaviors. The predictors of possible involvement in delinquency include situations as drug addicted parents, single parent homes, exposure to violence, early adolescent violation and gender differences. The Differential Association Theory or Social Learning Theory states that crime or juvenile delinquency is a learned behavior (Wells1986).
Therefore juveniles can learn and adopt antisocial behaviors from his peers, schoolmates and family members. With parents and peers being the most influential socialization tool around him. It is therefore evident that Janice has learnt all the bad things from people around her. Social Control Labeling on the other hand states that criminal activities are decided upon by an individual not by the environment. The Differential Association Theory reasons more accurately because not all genes can be inherited from parents.
So even if the parents were criminals it does not justify criminal involment of their child. However if a child is having parents who routinely involve in criminal activities he will grow up assuming that these activities are not as serious as the society and the law defines them. There may be several reasons, which this boy is involving in these activities. By refusing to show you what he is having means Andrew have gone into an advanced stage of criminal activity and there is need for proper investigations and prosecutions.
However, if he voluntarily gives out what he has it is evident that he is still learning and there must be several reasons why he is involved in either doing drugs or carrying weapons. Solution to this problem is to identify the possible cause of his defiance. If the potential cause is not determined accurately then reporting Andrew to the school or parents will make him be worse. Occasional interactions and discussions with him will yield the roots with his problems and then possible solutions will be achieved before it’s late.
In most cases occasions Juveniles are very innocent about what they do, for instance most cases of criminal activities from Juveniles are very innocent about what they do for instance most of the criminal activities from juveniles is due to early adolescent aggression. Therefore a juvenile officer is very important as part of the police force because they understand juvenile criminology than ordinary police. The police officers will always wok on federal laws and will not bother investigating the root cause of deviance but will prosecute directly.
However Juvenile officer is trained to do investigations and prosecute or give advice accordingly to the delinquent. A juvenile officer should therefore be understanding and be slow to prosecute; he should give an ear to the delinquent and talk to him before making any prosecutions or sending him to juvenile hones. Historical review on children with fire-setting behavior reveals that they are demonstrating their weakened ability to control their social appropriateness and the other related environmental behavior (Wells 1986).
Fire setting to some extent is an accepted method of coping with situations surrounding you this then helps in identification of the immediate environmental issues that encourage the behavior. Court ruling on Tina’s case was not biased because by so doing they would identify and solve her problems. Juvenile is anybody under the age of 18 and is involved in any antisocial activity; therefore Sally is a juvenile regardless of her state.
The age limit of juveniles should be universal and should not change across the states and all states must adopt universal laws guiding delinquency. Lewis on the other hand can only be pardoned for running away from home other offences should not be tolerated. Joseph’s behavior now justifies the possibility of biological cause of delinquency. May be there have been some biological multifunction that leads to his violence. If Joseph is transferred to mentally disabled class he will automatically lose his cognitive ability to see and negotiate reality.
This is due to the fact that he will always be reminded about the dos and don’ts. However, if he is left in the class and biological approach to solve his problem is adopter then he will be in a position to learn the copping skills and how to deal with his feelings.
References Deykin E, Y, Levy J, C, Wells V, (1998), Adolescent Depression, Alcohol And Drug Abuse; American Journal of Public Health 76:178-182. Neil Gunnigham (1989), New Paths In Criminology, Sarnoff, A, & Giorashohm (ed) Lexington Massachusetts.