Policy Paper on Gun ControlThe fact that over 40% of households in the United States own a gun is terrifying. Despite the fact that owning a gun for the self-defense purpose is a human right, a lot of speculations and debate on the same is still contentious. Although a lot of efforts have previously been dedicated to ensuring policies are put in place, the problem related to the problem still exists. For many years, the congress has tried to institute gun control policies that do not entitle criminals to own guns in vain. In this respect, a need for effective gun licensing and ownership regulations is required. Since the year 1939, the 2nd amendment has allowed gun ownership on the basis of individual rights (Tonry, 2009). The licensing of guns has been a contentious issue in the United States. Selling and owning guns have not had effective laws that could ensure the guns are not owned by criminals. In this respect, legislation that resulted to banning of shot-guns was established. From a historical point of view, the constitutional clause that give Americans a right to self-protection become a great hindrance in ensuring that the right to self-defense is not abused (Zalman, 2010). A right to self-defense and the 2nd amendment has been outlined as the potential cause of problems in having effective gun control policies. It is also important to note that politicians and influential business corporations would not allow for gun control policies that are business unfriendly. The current United States of America is marred with cases of homeland terrorism and people feel safe with a gun at home. An example of homeland gun violence is the recent September 1th 2013 Washington Navy Yard attack.
The suspect killed 12 people after buying a Remington 870 express short gun. It was awhile ago when a gun man killed 20 school children in Connecticut using semi-automatic pistols and rifle. Previous interventions to ensure that gun control policies are effective have been made. An example of such was the banning of the assault weapons in the year 1994. This intervention ensured that gun manufacturers desisted completely from making semi-automatic firearms. This intervention also included a ban on any firearm with assault features. Unfortunately, this intervention ended in the year 2004 and attempts to renew the legislation has since flopped. Another intervention that has at least contributed to gun control is the background checks during the selling and licensing of guns. This means that a person mental ability is also checked to allow someone use the gun responsibly. However, this legislation is perceived to be ineffective. The government, the public, the congress and activists have been at the center stage of the gun control arguments. It has been a matter of the government trying to enforce policies through the congress. Nonetheless, it is important to note that the congress is controlled by both pro and anti-gun control activists. The National Rifle Association, American for the Protection of Children and American Civic Associations and other lobby groups has been major stakeholders in the contentious debate. This groups influence the making of policies at the floor of the congress.
This can also be attributed to the public outcry, which exhibits ideological difference on matters pertaining to gun control. This research paper conducts a system analysis on gun control policies and a mean to understanding problems and recommendations for the gun control legislation. New legislations are focusing on banning the sale of assault weapons. The senate has also approved background checks on gun buyers. For example, people with criminal records are not entitled to buying guns. People on American criminal records of the most wanted cannot access guns at any guns store. A review of the immigration policy and internet sales tax measures is deemed to provide an insight in guns control (Duffe, & Maguire, 2007; Kelling & Moore, 1988). The gun control policies have been greatly hindered by influential politicians who have connections with firearms traders (Marion & Oliver, 2009; Oliver & Marion, 2008). Politicians use money to lobby against gun control bills. Politicians are influenced by anti-gun control lobby groups like the national rifle association. Politicians are threatened with recall election if they support gun control. In fact, politicians lose in their elections if they support gun control bills. The lack of the government in providing security to the American homesteads makes it even impossible to restrict and regulate ownership of guns (Mears, Hay, Gertz & Mancini, 2007). The American constitution gives individuals liberties, which makes it difficult in limiting the very individual rights. Nonetheless, a need to change gun control is inevitable considering the rampant and irresponsible use of guns by some citizens and criminals (Stewart, Schreck, & Brunson, 2008). A need of the universal background checks cannot be ignored in making effective gun