Recognizing the changing context of the scientific enterprise, and to meet present national needs in the new era of globalization, the Indian Government proclaims the following objects of its Science and Technology Policy. To ensure that the message of science reaches every citizen of India, man and woman, young and old, so that we advance scientific temper, emerge as a progressive and enlightened society, and make it possible for all our people to participate fully in the development of science and technology and its application for human welfare.
Indeed, science and technology will be fully integrated with all spheres of national activity. To ensure food, agricultural, nutritional, environmental, water, health and energy security of the people on a sustainable basis. To mount a direct and sustained effort on the alleviation of poverty, enhancing livelihood security, removal of hunger and malnutrition, reduction of drudgery and regional imbalances, both rural and urban, and generation of employment, by using scientific and technological capabilities along with our traditional knowledge pool.
This will call for the generation and screening of all relevant technologies, their widespread dissemination through networking and support for the vast unorganized sector of our economy. To vigorously foster scientific research in universities and other academic, scientific and engineering institutions; and attract the brightest young persons to careers in science and technology, by conveying a sense of excitement concerning the advancing frontiers, and by creating suitable employment opportunities for them.
Also to build and maintain centers' of excellence, which will raise the level of work in selected areas to the highest international standards. To promote the empowerment of women in all science and technology activities and ensure their full and equal participation. To provide necessary autonomy and freedom of functioning for all academic and research and development institutions so that an ambience for truly creative work is encouraged, while ensuring at the same time that the science and technology enterprise in the country is fully committed to its social responsibilities and commitments
To use the full potential of modern science and technology to protect, preserve, evaluate, update, add value to, and utilize the extensive knowledge acquired over the long civilization experience of India. To accomplish national strategic and security-related objectives, by using the latest advances in science and technology. To encourage research and innovation in areas of relevance for the economy and society, particularly by promoting close and productive interaction between private and public institutions in science and technology.
Sectors such as agriculture (particularly soil and water management, human and animal nutrition, fisheries), water, health, education, and industry, energy including renewable energy, communication and transportation would be accorded highest priority. Key leverage technologies such as information technology, biotechnology and materials science and technology would be given special importance.
To substantially strengthen enabling mechanisms that relate to technology development, evaluation, absorption and upgradation from concept to utilization. To establish an Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) regime this maximizes the incentives for the generation and protection of intellectual property by all types of inventors. The regime would also provide a strong, supportive and comprehensive policy environment for speedy and effective domestic commercialization of such inventions so as to be maximal in the public interest.
To ensure, in an era in which information is key to the development of science and technology, that all efforts are made to have high-speed access to information, both in quality and quantity, at affordable costs; and also create digitized, valid and usable content of Indian origin. To encourage research and application for forecasting, prevention and mitigation of natural hazards, particularly, floods, cyclones, earthquakes, drought and landslides. To promote international science and technology cooperation towards achieving the goals of national development and security, and make it a key element of our international relations.
To integrate scientific knowledge with insights from other disciplines, and ensure fullest involvement of scientists and technologists in national governance so that the spirit and methods of scientific enquiry permeate deeply into all areas of public policy making. The Directive Principle contained in Article 45 enjoins that "the State shall endeavor to provide within a period of ten years from the commencement of this constitution, for free and compulsory education for all children until they complete the age of fourteen years".
Article 29 (I) provides that any citizen having a distinct language, script, special care of the economic and educational interests of the underprivileged sections, particularly, the Schedule Castes and Scheduled tribes is laid down as an obligation of the state under article 46. Though education is the concurrent list of the constitution, the State Government plays a very major role in the development of education particularly in the primary and secondary education sectors