Introduction The health condition of the First Nations is getting worse than before despite health policies and programs of the government. Mainly, the reasons behind this dilemma are attributed to the social conditions of the people. In a report stated “By far the greatest share of health problems is attributed to broad social conditions. Yet health have been dominated by disease focused solutions that largely ignore interventions have obtained less that optimal`.
(World Health Organizations, 2005). Despite government attempt to ease the health problem of the First Nations, it seems that it continues to rise that alarm the policy makers of Canada. Current First Nations Health Policy The First Nations Health Policy is Canada’s response to its continuing health responsibility for health care services to the indigenous populations. In view of the above rising depressed condition of the population, the agency attempts to meet the current problems of the people.
The health areas that are covered by the policy are diabetes, early childhood development (ECD), HIV/AIDS, First Nations’ Research and Information Governance, Home and Community Care, Injury Prevention, Non-Insured Health Benefits (NIHB), Public Health, Suicide Prevention and Mental Health, Tobacco Control Policy, and AFN health and social communications. Historical Evolution of First Nations Health Policy and its Governance The health policy and other policy related to services for First Nations in Canada started in 1979 through an act called a new Indian Health Policy.
It stated in that policy that uninsured benefits would rely upon professional medical and dental judgment, and that it also recognized the necessity for community development, a strong relationship between Indian people, the federal government, and the Canadian health system. This attempt to provide aids to the natives however did not fully materialize not until 1980s wherein Medical Services Branch (MSB) began to process transferring control health services to First Nations and Inuit communities in that year.
Following that year, Canada opened more health opportunities to these people through an office called Aboriginal Healing Foundation in partnership with the Department of Indian Affairs. This was the start of the strategic planning conducted to provide benefits to these people. The branch was renamed First Nations and Inuit Health Branch in 2000. Conditions that Affect the Delivery of Health Services to the People
There are conditions or factors that affect transfer of health services to First Nations that made it ineffective. First Nations in Manitoba alone experience health problems that substantially lead to diseases and death of some. Geographical Condition of the Populations Many First Nations are living in remote areas and these people have fewer sometimes no contact with doctors. Medical services are sent to these people by outreach program to carry out the plans and to bring services.