The closest encounter citizens of the United States have with the federal government’s criminal justice system is with the police. Some encounters are a routine traffic ticket, and some are much worse and more serious. Crowded cities within the United States are producing more conflict and violence with the police. When the police step out to start their beat for their shift, they never know who is going to be the next predator that is going to try and take his or her life. The relationship between our criminal justice system and the police begin with the government. The government, not the police make the laws.
Then we hire the police to go out and enforce these laws and every day the police are out in our violent society serving and protecting us. After the government comes up with the laws and rules of our society we turn these laws over to the police to do our dirty work. When the government has the different laws in place they rely on the police to go and fight the war on crime. This relationship between our government and the police uses the police as the scapegoat. This relationship is left up to the police to take care of and nurture from going out in the community and enforcing our values and laws, not their own.
Usually when there are mistakes in the courts it’s usually not the police that cause these mistakes it’s the prosecuting attorneys and the defense attorneys. According to Katz (1997), Justice Louis Brandeis states, “If we desire respect for the law, we must first make the law respectable. ” The relationship between the police and government starts from different laws that have been passed that makes the job of a police officer a lot harder. Starting with the law called the exclusionary rule. This rule was created to assist police officers in following the rights of the constitution and not violating it.
The exclusionary rule is very difficult to apply to any evidence that the police collect from the criminals. It is defined as any evidence that is seized by the police in violation of a significant constitutional right then it may not be used as evidence against the defendant. The definition or a better way of putting it is, if there are any violations of a Fourth Amendment right against illegal searches and seizures then the evidence collected will not be admitted into the court of law. Usually, this will mean the defendant will be acquitted and walk out the door.
Grant and Terry (2008) ”Police officer’s attitudes also change because they perform society’s “dirty work,” handling unpleasant tasks that no one else wants to perform or is able to handle. The police see humanity at its worst”. While the police are out trying to do their job and at the same time uphold the law it has caused friction more and more with minorities. The U. S. Department of Justice has invented a system called Community Relations Services (CRS) that assist police departments and communities all over the U. S. with maintaining law and order in a society that is full of hatred for police departments.
The efforts and assistance of the CRS has involved minority citizen’s complaints against police behavior in their community. The values that are needed to enforce the constitution must be presented as clearly as possible to communities that the police want to help maintain a peaceful and stable society not the hate and violence that has grown out of control in some communities. Strong emphasis should be placed on the police and the communities that highlight more community policing, changing demographics, hate crimes and responding to incidents involving allegations of excessive force by the police.
An area of policy that goes hand-in-hand with police accountability and police-community relations is the law enforcement agency’s approach to release of public information. U. S. Department of Justice (2003) says, “Clearly, the news media serve as a major source of information about the police and their activities. As such, the media play a key role in developing citizens’ views of the police. Given this important function of the media, it is difficult to understand why so many police agencies fail to develop a public information policy and a relationship with the media”.
Police were created by governments to safeguard the interests of our country and states. Police in the United States today go to great lengths to respond to what the government wants. The impact on American Society today from what the government is trying to achieve with our police departments have a long way to go with improving our police departments and not putting so much of the blame on our officers. (Bayley, 1998) “Compared with other countries, American policing has three distinguishing characteristics.
First, responsiveness to citizen demands. In the United States, anybody can pick up a phone, walk into a police station, or stop a police officer on the street and expect that an officer, armed and uniformed, embodying the full authority of government, will attend to the private problems of that individual. This is a remarkable development in world government”. Understanding the relationship of our government and the police, it should be a healthy relationship and the former should interfere with the latter on the bigger issues.
For example, by safeguarding certain core values, demanding that evidence are better than suspicion and uphold the law of privacy. The government is still failing to intervene in the big issues and just barely managing the smaller ones. The two levels of police in the United States are Federal and State. The Federal Level of policing includes the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Drug Enforcement Administration. Federal organizations are provided authority from the Article I Section 8 of the United States Constitution.
This confirms Congress’ power to regulate taxes and interstate commerce. The FBI will pursue criminals that cross state lines and crimes such as mail fraud. Another federal organization is the DEA that enforces federal laws on illegal substances. The State level has about 3 systems of police that include a State Trooper, County Sheriff and Local/City Police and State Troopers that are also known as the Highway Patrol. Jurisdiction for State policing organizations is boundaries from city to city or counties and goes across the entire state.
The state police departments control the law within the state or county of their area and under control of the State Government. Policing services to Cities who contract the Sheriff’s department are also known as the local police. Every State Policing organization follows their state’s Penal Code. Every state is self-governing over their own land so each is different in regards to their Penal Codes. In conclusion, this paper examines the changing relationships between the police and our government agencies. One of the observations regarding the government and the police is to improve the responsibility for all government agencies.
“Legislators began to think of Federal criminal jurisdiction not as protecting certain discrete areas of particular Federal concern but as supplementing local enforcement efforts—supporting local exertions, and compensating for local inadequacies or corruption—Congress found more and more occasions for Federal intervention. One hallmark of this intervention came to be broadly drafted statutes that laid the groundwork for the elimination of all conception boundaries between Federal and State criminal law”. (Richman, 2000). Bayley, D. H. (1998). Police foundation. Retrieved from http://www. policefoundation.
org/pdf/Bayley. pdf Grant, H. B. , & Terry, K. J. (2008). Law enforcement in the 21st century (2nd ed. ). Upper Saddle River, N. J. : Pearson/Prentice Hall Katz, J. B. S. (1997). Justice overruled: unmasking the criminal justice system. New York, NY: W Richman, D. C. (2000). Boundary changes in criminal justice organizations. Retrieved from https://www. ncjrs. gov/criminal_justice2000/vol_2/02d2. pdf U. S. Department of Justice, (2003, September Day). Principles of Good Policing: Avoiding Violence between Police and Citizens. . Retrieved from http://www. justice. gov/crs/pubs/principlesofgoodpolicingfinal092003. pdf.