This research is done using secondary data from library sources. Most of the data has already been collected, analyzed and conclusions drawn from it. The major reason for the decision to use the secondary sources was due to the fact that it is hard to get information on the use of deadly force from police officers. Being a sensitive topic, only few or no police officers would be willing to admitting to using deadly force.
Another reason for using the secondary data was the fact that given the confidentiality associated with some police officers associated issues, there would be no chance of administering a questionnaire to the officers. Although secondary data was effective for the research, it still had some limitations. Robert A. says that there is no national data on the incidence of the use of excessive force by police officers. There is also neither a national reporting system on this issue as no state maintains a complete database, nor a standard of collecting use-of-force data at the agency level.
Although a number of researchers have relied on citizen interviews or observational research to access the extent of this problem in various communities, most of these studies are quite dated. In addition, the limited information on police use of force comes from a small number of agencies, with most of the available data stating that police use of excessive force is considered a statistically infrequent occurrence. Ethical issues Protection of participants The major parties involved in this research, are the police officers and the public at large.
The research has not mentioned particular police officers, either mentioned in the books used or known to have applied deadly force in the course of their work. It has also not mentioned any person that has been mishandled by the police to prevent them from getting into any problems with the police. Mentioning names of any participants could result to big problems with the police officers and to avoid this, the only way would be to avoid mentioning any information that might bring such problems. Citations
All the data that has been collected from books written by different authors has been well cited. Conducting research using secondary sources could be tricky especially if the authors or any other people realize that their ideas and research has been used, and yet no recognition has been given to them. To avoid this, I carefully cited all the sources to ensure that no plagiarism accusations are made. Choice of topic Choosing to research a topic may be problematic from certain aspects of consideration.
For example, one may come up with a research that might bring them a lot of challenges, resulting to frustration and withdrawal. The topic may also bring one to problems with the parties on whom the research has been done. To avoid this, choose a topic that would benefit the citizens since not a lot of attention has been given to it, while at the same time being careful not to choose s topic that might bring problems later on. Bibliography. 1) Bridges George S. Weis Joseph G. Crutchfield Robert D. (1996).
Criminal justice: readings. Pine Forge Press. pg 171 2) Roberts A. R. 2nd edition. (2003). Critical issues in crime and justice; SAGE, pg 57 3) Walker Samuel. (2005). The new world of police accountability. SAGE; pg 60-70 4) Kleinig John. (2nd edition). (1996). The ethics of policing. Cambridge University Press. pg 17-18 5) Bonifacio Philip. (1991). The psychological effects of police work: a psycho dynamic approach. Springer; pg 157 6) Champion Dean J. (2001). Police misconduct in America: a reference handbook. ABC-CLIO