The Police Department is one of the United States correctional Agencies and it has the responsibility of restoring law and order in various jurisdictions by protecting people’s lives and property. Many people are employed in the police force at the state, county and municipal levels. Their duties include conducting investigations, protecting public officials and assisting in the operations of the various correctional facilities. On top of this, they act as advisors to the public as they address various issues that happen in society and how such problems can be addressed.
Such a distinguished and respected organization ought to live up to the expectations of the people as they look up to the police officers for their protection. This is not always the case as in the course of the police carrying out their duties, they may intentionally or accidentally endanger the lives of the people they protect by engaging in illegal procedures that are against their ethical standards. History of Police Misconduct The History of police misconduct dates back for as long as the police force has been in existence.
In mid- nineteenth century, private police and agents were sometimes hired employers so that they could deal with their striking employees. In such incidents, there was excessive use of force and this kind of force was also used to stop the actions of the Ku Klux Clan a racist group. Continued use of the force by the police led to the creation of the 1871 Civil Rights Act which allows people to exercise their civil rights of freedom according to the Federal law and is still in use today.
The twentieth century was coupled with legal and administrative issues in the police force as the force was being used discriminatory and innocent civilians needed to be protected from such acts (Das & Palmiotto, 2006). The amendment of the Civil rights Act in 1964 enhanced equality in the way police conducted their activities to the extent that the police were mandated to tell the detainees about their constitutional rights. Police related corruption cases were on the rise towards the later parts of the twentieth century.
It was believed that the causes of such misconduct were because of the immoral behavior of the police officers. Public scandals increased where the police were directly engaged in corruption allegations such that their involvement was so much that such cases were difficult to investigate fellow policemen gave evidence of such cases; though it was against the Police code of silence. “To reduce police misconduct, in the 1980s and 1990s restructuring organizational policies in the police force was seen as the best tool of dealing with the problem (Bumgarner, 2004). ”