A Perspective of Engineering and businesses in China

Introduction Hong Kong industries and facilities were moved to mainland on 1990s. It makes Hong Kong lost the aim focus on engineering industry. According to large number of workers and low production cost advantages in China. Besides Hong Kong, China also attracts another country and develops their industry. It makes china industry growth up fast. China has become one of the leading countries in the recent few years, their industry has grown dramatically well and now they become the mechanical disciplines of engineering.

The swift changing world has made the requirements higher day by day and scientists are performing more and more research. Chinese engineering universities are striving hard to use the most advanced techniques of studying in their curriculum and therefore they are producing top level engineers to compete at the highest standards of education. Compare to us, Hong Kong facilities and industries need to afford high salaries and rent. So go to China may be a high potential place to develop different types of engineering.

Case: China’s top five engineering feats 1 The West to East Electric Power Transmission Project China spent 526.5 billion between 2001 and 2010 to funnel electricity from power stations in the interior of the country to the main cities of its coasts. Three main transmission routes were set up, sending electricity from Inner Mongolia and Shaanxi province to Beijing and Tianjin, from Sichuan to the central regions around Shanghai, and from Yunnan, Guizhou and Guangxi provinces to China's factory heartlands around Guangzhou. 2 The South to North Water Transfer Project

Setting itself another huge engineering challenge, China has budgeted some 500 billion to shift volumes of water from the wet and rainy south of the country to the arid planes of the north. Over the next 40 years, China will build many canals across the country, diverting water northwards.

3 The "Five Vertical, Seven Horizontal" National Motorway Project Between 1991 and 2008, China laid nearly 22,000 miles of new motorways, a road skeleton that linked up the country's major regions, from Manchuria and Inner Mongolia in the north, Shanghai in the east, Yunnan and Tibet in the west, and the Pearl River delta in the south. The cost was an estimated 900 billion and the project was finished 13 years ahead of schedule. 4 The Three Gorges Dam

At a cost of 180 billion, China dammed the mighty Yangtze River in a project that began in 1994 and was fully completed in 2009. In the process, 1.3 million people were moved out of their homes, which were flooded as the water level of the river rose. The dam, a giant hydroelectric power station, has a capacity of 22,500MW, but critics say it has had a huge environmental impact on the area, triggering landslides and altering the ecosystem in the river. 5 The Beijing to Shanghai High Speed Rail Link

Built in just over three years at a cost of $18,000 for every of track, the high-speed rail link from Beijing to Shanghai has more than halved the journey time between China's two most important cities to just under five hours.

Discussion The 21st century will usher in a new economic age based on knowledge and information. From above case, we can see engineering in China has extremely high potential. The energetic development of science and technology and the industrialization of high technology are essential strategies for success in this new era. While the Chinese engineering and technological enterprise has made rapid progress, compared with developed nations, China has a long way to go to meet its economic and industrial needs.

First, it is a matter of great urgency for us to pursue cooperation among three key sectors: industry, universities, and state R&D institutes. The engineering and technological sciences predominantly serve industry. However, a great number of large and medium-size enterprises are struggling to make a profit due to poor product quality and the use of primitive production processes.

The Chinese government has for years given top priority to reinvigorating these firms. Continued advances in engineering and technology as well as cooperation among the three sectors are regarded as essential to this task. By strengthening China's industrial base, which is the pillar of the national economy. In the further, country's engineering and technological enterprise will keep improving. Base on ‘One country, two systems’, Hong Kong engineer will more suitable to another country professional engineer. In a huge potential of engineer market, it can attract Hong Kong engineer to develop their career.

Second, the important role of the engineer in society is yet to be adequately recognized in China. So China has many industries willing to hire a Hong Kong engineer to manage their company. In Hong Kong, there have a ‘Hong Kong Institution of Engineers’, which can compare favorable with international engineer institution. It have high recognition in the world, so a charter engineer is a quaintly assurance in engineering industries. On the other hand, the most superiority of Hong Kong engineer is they have a good international mindset. It can make an enterprises have a sustainable improvement and become a competitiveness enterprises in China or even in the world.

Conclusion Compare with other developed country, China engineering level may need one more step to follow them. But base on population and low cost potential, the step will become smaller or even surpass the step. Hong Kong and china like a twin, which are cannot split and it are complement each other. So I believe that now is a great opportunity to develop engineer or business career in China, especially Hong Kong engineer. It is because Hong Kong has much superiority which are other country not include, such as langue, country background and international status.