Children's individual socialization with their peer groups has been seen as an important role in the development process, mainly in developing relationships outside the family environment, and a greater understanding of social justice. This development can be effected by the kind of attachments they develop and interaction with peers. One of the factors that can effect the peer development of children is bulling, as it will affect how they interact and who they make attachments with.
Peers play an important part in helping a child to understand and develop their own self image as will has having a large effect on their self esteem. The child will often rate their own behaviours by their peers, usually by social comparisons. It has been shown that children will in elementary school increase their social comparison, which will effect the way in which they perceive their own values and abilities. (Harter et al. , 1990) Having acceptance for a child is very important as it is one of their first interactions.
A Childs peer acceptance is often associated with peer status. One of the ways of studying a Childs peer status is by using socimetric techniques were other children will say which child has the most likeability, and who that child would most like as a companion. Based on the answers given there are seven groups that children could be placed in, they are popular children who are liked by most children. Average, children who have some friends.
Controversial peers they are usually liked and disliked by many. Neglected children who are likely to be isolated and have few friends. Aggressive rejected children, show high levels of aggression and show behaviour problems. Non-aggressive rejected children are withdrawn and have very few social skills. (Bierman, Smoot, and Aumiller 1993). Children's peer acceptance can often effect whether they are bullied are not, and has a large influences on what kind of bullies which they will attract.
We also have to remember that children with in different social status will have different goals and behaviours and different interactions with their peers which will affect their personal development (Chung and Asher 1996). Bulling is often considered to be a comprised of a series of repeated events, which involve the some person. In most cases it is one person playing the victim role and the other playing the bulling role. It important to remember that it can be one or more people in either role. It also can be a single interaction been the victim and bully.