Forensic Science has several areas of specialty. In this paper, I will provide the different responsibilities and qualifications of the three areas of Investigative Forensic Science such as medical examiner, crime scene examiner, and crime laboratory analyst. It is the responsibility of a medical examiner to discover the cause of death through a close examination of the body, by which the principles of medicine and pathology must be applied. This involves an inspection of the different processes taking place in a dead patient’s tissues, organs, fluids of the body, as well as the cells (Wise Geek, 2008).
According to Nute (2008), a medical examiner must be able to be brave enough to cut up dead bodies, which means more than seven years in college plus indefinite working hours. In violent crime cases, the medical examiner must help out for example in rape examinations, by undertaking blood analysis, as well as acquiring DNA evidence, and document the crime scene in detail (Wise Geek, 2008). The medical examiner is also subject to cross examination in court and is allowed to testify. A medical examiner must have earned a medical degree, specializing in the area of Pathology.
The medical examiner is represented by the National Association of Medical Examiners (NAME) with the dual purposes of fostering the professional growth of physician death investigators and disseminating the professional and technical information vital to the continuing improvement of the medical investigation of violent, suspicious and unusual deaths. The crime scene examiner on one hand is responsible for dealing out the major crime scenes and is usually on call when needed. The crime scene examiner is accountable from securing the crime scene per se, and even to testifying in courts on the findings and evidence acquired.
There are various types of equipment needed to properly secure and package physical evidence for systematic evaluation and assessment. A crime scene examiner also makes comprehensive reports on the different observations and activities at the scene for the law enforcement agency liable to the investigation of the crime. To be qualified as a crime scene examiner, you must have undergone rigorous training and must have earned a certificate from the International Association for Identification, Crime Scene Certification Board, within 18 months as a crime scene investigator (Forensic Enterprises, Inc.
, 2008). Moreover, it is expected that the person must possess skills from other fields not limited to science, chemistry, and anatomy. The crime scene examiner represented by the International Association for Identification, must be able to connect with other people with the same profession, inform them of the latest updates, promote further study as well as offer training through its publications; thereby fostering a relationship amongst forensic practitioners worldwide (International Association for Identification, 2008).
Equally, the crime laboratory analyst utilizes very specialized set of scientific skills to be able to look closely at the evidence gathered in a laboratory. Most of the time, the crime laboratory analyst work indoors and has a fixed working hours. The crime laboratory analyst requires a bachelor’s degree from a natural science of any the specialty. Overall, it is best to get a degree in Chemistry (Nute, Dale, 2008).
It is also required to get special training on scientific equipment that will be used during examinations. The crime laboratory analyst is represented by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors (ASCLD), which aims to promote the interests of the professionals of this field. In addition, the organization must aid to the development of principles and techniques within the laboratory, which is to be able to attain, preserve, and propagate the information on forensics.
Moreover, the crime laboratory analyst must advance the communications among other crime laboratory directors, as well as to uphold the highest standards of practice of forensics (The American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors, 2008).
References 1. Forensic Enterprises, Inc. (2008). Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. feinc. net/csi-desc. htm 2. International Association for Identification. (2008). Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. theiai. org/ 3. National Association of Medical Examiners.
(2008). Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. thename. org 4. Nute, Dale. (2008). Advice about a Career in Forensic Science. Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. criminology. fsu. edu/faculty/nute/FScareers. html 5. The American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. (2008). Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. ascld. org/about/index. php? PHPSESSID=529a86c4f384cc84f0d932c051c3c309 6. Wise Geek. (2008). Retrieved on January 30, 2008 from http://www. wisegeek. com/what-is-a-medical-examiner. htm