Passage of a Bill into Law

The steps from the creation of a bill to its enactment into governmental law are plentiful and ripe with ways for the bill to be discarded. However, the journey of a good bill which passes through all areas of government is exhilarating and poses hope for the citizens that correct decisions through the system of democracy will be attained. There have certainly been times and unjust bills have made their way successful into American law books, but as a modern society, it is certainly the hope that justice will increasingly be served.

The following description is a summary of how a bill becomes law. First, there is the introduction of new legislation by any member of either the House or Senate. In the House, new legislation is handed to the clerk or put into the hopper, and in the Senate, new bills are introduced during the morning hour. The second step includes the possible movement of the bill to committees and subcommittees where there is bill revision and a general vote on whether or not the bill should be reported to the full House or Senate.

A failure to act on a bill is equivalent to killing it, and the release of a bill in the House from a committee without a proper committee vote can occur by a discharge petition signed by a majority of the House membership. Thirdly, legislation is placed on the calendar, debated, and then voted upon. If the bill passes the vote of the House or the Senate, then the Conference Committee, which aims to align the bills of the House and Senate so that they match or are agreeable, produces a conference report, which must be approved by both the House and Senate.

Finally, the legislation is sent to the president for review. The president can sign a bill into law or veto a bill. If the president vetoes a bill, yet it passes a 2/3 vote by both the House and Senate, then the bill becomes law (Vote Smart).

Works Cited Vote Smart. (2009). Retrieved from http://www. votesmart. org/resource_govt101_02. php.