These guidelines are essentially applied to non-life cases only, while in the case of life sentence emphasis is placed to the consideration of the offender’s severity and nature of crime committed(Anderson, 2004). Moreover, numerous rules have been implemented that govern the eligibility of prisoners, to qualify for parole and successfully embark on the program that would ensure their early release. These rules are related to the inmates’ length of sentence, type of offence and the date of sentencing.
While the potential prisoners are being considered for parole, they have the chance to see the reports concerning their progress and behavior, while simultaneously make their own reports or statements convincing the Parole Board, why they should be permitted for early release, their future plans after they have been released and many other aspects. The offender may be interviewed by the parole board, but it is not usually mandatory.
The inmate’s case is deliberated by the Parole Board like two months earlier, before the person’s eligibility date. This has two advantages in that the panel will have to discuss the offender’s case, while at the same time the inmate prepares for early release, when they are granted. In addition, the main concern in awarding parole for prisoners is security, and the risk the public faces if the prisoner commits another offence while in parole, or fully granted release by the correction institution.
Most of the times, the prison is given parole notification concerning an inmate who is serving more than fifteen years, and the case consequently put through to the Home Secretary, who will then make their final decisions (Levitt, 2004 p. 440). In any case, if the parole request is denied, the inmate can reapply again after 12 months from the time his or her parole was denied. However, if the inmate is serving less than six months to complete his or her sentence, is not granted parole, with the logic that by the time their case is deliberated for parole, the release date would be close anyway.
Additionally, offenders are considered for parole after they have served usually one-third of their sentence. Exceptions are only towards offenders with a term of years attributed to the severity of felony committed, are sentenced to life without parole including fourth-felony recidivists. Automatically, eligible inmates are considered for parole, whether appeals or legal actions are taken against the offender by their representatives. Moreover, when inmates are denied parole once, they are not reconsidered routinely for another chance for parole.
Consequently, if the parole board receives new substantive information concerning the case, it may be reviewed at the Board’s discretion (Shepherd, 2002 p. 522). This situation arises as the offender cannot appeal regarding the parole decision made, and can only reapply again after one year, but a procedure for complaints is enlisted when an offender feels, their case has been unfairly dealt with in some way. Parole as an Incentive for good inmate behavior Parole has the fundamental belief that is rooted on the principle that, offenders can gain motivation and further making positive changes for their lives.
Inmates are more inclined to cooperate with correctional institutions, when their release or parole is based on the ground of good behavior. Thereby, when prisoners are offered assistance upon their release, will increase the likelihood of them becoming responsible and law abiding citizens coupled by correctional authorities initiatives. This will ultimately result to enhanced public safety, which is usually the major concern for parole boards upon releasing inmates into the society. Prudence is inherent in the criminal justice system at various levels.