United States is the wealthiest and most powerful nation in the world. In economic terms, its gross national product from the value of its goods and services are twice that of any good from other country (United States, 2002). United States is the place of ideal freedom, the ideal of progress that personal life, political, social, and economic institutions will improve through hard work, fare play and honest endeavor. The ideal of democracy is the right to be heard as an individual, the right to dream of a better life and to work toward one’s goals (New Book of Knowledge, 2006)
The health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities. Its current estimate is approximately 15 percent of Gross Development Project. The majority of the citizens have health insurance, either have employment related insurance or directly purchase it in the private company. This research will discuss about the health care for mentally disabled in the United States and its oversight laws and protection procedures. Body of the Paper Based on the 1990, United States censuses estimated 6. 2 to 7. 5 million Americans have mentally retardation.
According to the Surgeon General’s report, health disparities among those with mentally retarded are pervasive. The federal government does not guarantee universal health care to all its citizens. Some publicly – funded health care programs help to provide for the elderly, disabled, and the poor. They ensures public access to emergency services regardless of ability to pay, those without health coverage are expected to pay privately for medical services.
In United States health is expensive and the medical bills are overwhelmingly it is the most common reason for the nation’s personal bankruptcy (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia). In the 20th century, United States health care system has actually functioned in a completely unnatural and unsustainable way. Health Management Organizations turn out not to be abomination to the natural laws governing the sacred practice of medicine, but a predictable correction to a way of doing business that was ultimately doomed from the beginning ( Health Care, 2000).
Americans pay more than one and a half trillion dollars for medical care each year and costs related to all manner of health care, such as prescription drugs and other medicines for the patients. Many Americans are unable to afford the health care they need, the rising of costs that represent and ever – increasing barrier to medical services and products. The financial burden is also felt on the larger national scale with about 15 percent of gross domestic product going toward health care costs. That is equal to about one quarter of the annual federal budget (HMO management reform, 2006).
In Unites States, Mental Illness and the Emergency Medical treatment and Active labor Act (EMTALA, 1986) was organized to help the mentally ill patients to be admitted for the evaluation and treatment.. Once the mentally ill patients are found to be mentally stable, regional mental health agencies are contacted to evaluate the patients. In the health care agency patients are evaluated as to whether they are a danger to themselves or others, and they are admitted to a mental health facility to be further evaluated by a psychiatrist (EMTALA, 1986).