Organized Crime and Terrorism

The legends and myths of real life mobsters, hoodlums and street gangs often fascinate and captivate people’s imagination. The entertainment industry like film and literature fed this need of fascination that depicts the extreme lifestyle of crime group families and legendary figures. Though entertainment industry sometimes exaggerates its depiction, organized crime still happen in reality. The Organized Crime Control Act of the United States in 1970 find the term as “highly organized and disciplined group or association run by criminals most commonly for the purpose of accumulating monetary profit.

Organized crime acquires power through acquiring big amount of money from illegal endeavors and other forms of social exploitation” (Organized Crime Control Act (excerpt)). Organized crime manifested itself in different activities involving usually in various marketing techniques just like smuggling; threat and extortion or any activities that will allow them generate enormous profit. Organized crime activities apparently create negative impact to the society especially to the country’s economy as a whole.

It controls its own performance which has a boundary separating itself from the environment but not its effects. Just like any group, the motivations of an organized crime depend on their ethnical backgrounds, political ideologies, social orientation, religion, and financial motivations. Traditional genres of organized crime include Aboriginal, Chinese, and Colombian, Japanese, Jewish etc. among any others. Aboriginal organized crime is one of the main problems in Canada where “several Indian tribes control the illegal tobacco, weapons, and gaming markets.

Chinese organized crime on the other hand or which is widely known as “The Tongs and the Triad” have been indulge with alien trafficking with Mexico, underground garlic trade in Taiwan, software piracy and prostitution. The triads in particular have a strong obsession with numerology, most importantly the number three, and their mystical initiation ceremonies. Here we can clearly see how their culture and religion greatly influence their illegal activities.

Japanese organized crime however have “always been the center of Asian organized crime action” where the operation is not exclusively in Asia but also in the United States. They have a highly structured hierarchy where they are often involves in traditional organized crime activities like banking and real state that seems legitimate. Nigerian and Jewish also revolves around the drug trade. One of the most famous organized crime groups especially in the United States are the Mexicans.

They do not only employ on money laundering and drug trafficking but also in alien smuggling. Not only the Mexican group exercise this activity but also many other. The range of organized crime activities has broadened and diversified. One of the trends is human or alien smuggling (Guiliani 2004). Because of human smuggling, terrorism and organized crime have been linked. The growing involvement of organized crime in alien smuggling made the US government suspicious on every migrant fearing that he or she might be a terrorist that may threat human security. As e result, U.

S. governments have used the connection to justify yet increased border controls and enhanced enforcement measures against organized crime groups (Ribeaud). United States as well as Europe critically examines the background and social orientation of every migrant to make sure that this migrant will not hinder political, cultural and moral development of a society. Reference: Organized Crime Control Act (excerpt) United States of America October 17, 1970. Main Source: Public Law 91-452, 91st Congress. Bob’s World of American History. Retrieved January 6, 2009. http://www.

bobsuniverse. com/BWAH/37-Nixon/19701017a. pdf Guiliani, Rudy (2004). “Organized Crime Investigation”. Megalinks in Criminal Justice. Retrived on January 20, 2009. http://www. apsu. edu/oconnort/3220/3220lect07a. html Eisner, M. P. , Ribeaud, D. and Topcuoglu, T. “Disentangling the Migration-crime Link: Migration-specific Developmental Risk-factors for Antisocial Behavior” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia <Not Available>. 2008-12-11 from http://www. allacademic. com/meta/p205528_index. html