Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

They are first in the line of those who are at greatest risk of falling into juvenile delinquency. Without noticing it as it is typical of any youth to be lacking in prudence, with newly embraced group, the gang, a corresponding subculture starts to assimilate them, and before long, they start to engage in activities of adult criminal groups. It is usually after being engaged in criminal activities for an extended period of time with its accompanying consequences (such as ending up in prison or rehabilitation institutions for drug addicts) that delinquents realize they are into a very dangerous zone.

A large portion of all juvenile violations (between two-thirds and three-quarters) are perpetrated by youths who are members of certain gangs (Venkatesh, 1997). Unlike in school and their family, these have no strict rules to be followed except loyalty to the group. It gives young people esteem when they somehow feel they are the “rule” in themselves. This is the lure of gangs. It gives the promise of fulfillment to would be delinquents.

Popularity, access to the powerful figures on the streets, freedom to express one’s self, as well as easy flow of money (if the gang is also involved in some illegal activities such as drug dealings, which is common in most gangs) are seemingly within grasp of anybody who just have the guts to dare (OJJDP, Mar. 2003). Children who are well taken care of by their parents and are thus adequately supervised are at less odds to be involved in criminal activities.

Studies have proven that. A dysfunctional family, on the other hand, which is commonly characterized by regular conflicts, parental negligence, poor communication because of absorption to outside activities by parents, are always assumed to be the breeding ground for delinquents (Venkatesh, 1997). Conclusion Because family is the true breeding ground for achievement and true success, great importance is now being given for the well-being of this important unit of the community.

Children’s achievements and/or performance in school are directly influenced by their parents more than the school itself. The parents’ moral, emotional, and financial capacity are basic for children’s early training: e. g. the acquisition of educational resources depends so much on the parents’ determination to obtain them for the enhancement of their children’s education (Wiig, 2001) .

Reference:

1. Loeber, R. , and Farrington, D. P. , eds. 2001. Child Delinquents: Development,     Intervention, and Service Needs.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc. 2. _______OJJDP, Mar. 2003. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency     Prevention is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also     includes the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the     National Institute of     Justice, and the Office for Victims of Crime. http://:www. cato. org/testimony/ct-    wc67. html. Accessed Dec. 2006. 3. ______U. S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs. March 2003.

Office of     Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. http://:www. cato. org/testimony/ct-    wc67. html. Accessed Dec. 2006. 4. Venkatesh, S. ‘The social organization of street gang activity in an urban ghetto,’     American Journal of Sociology, vol. 103, No. 1, July 1997, pp. 82-111. 5. Wiig, J. K. 2001. Legal issues. In Child Delinquents: Development, Intervention, and Service Needs, edited by R. Loeber and D. P. Farrington. Thousand Oaks, CA:         Sage Publications, Inc. , pp. 323–338.