The coward punch law was passed by the NSW government on January 30th 2013. This new law aims to prevent brawls and injury, but most importantly death outside of clubs. This new law includes a minimum mandatory sentence of eight years and a maximum of twenty-five years in jail for an assault causing death if the offence is committed by an intoxicated adult. On the spot fines have increased from $200 to $1100. These penalties have also been put in place for any one drunk or unruly in a public place. Police now have immediate powers to banish trouble makers from the CBD and Kings Cross.
Penalties for the possession of steroids has also increased from two years to twenty five. The cowards punch law also amends the Liquor Act and introduces 1. 30 am lockouts and 3 am last drinks for pubs and clubs in a newly defined ”CBD entertainment precinct” covering the city centre, Kings Cross and Darlinghurst, NSW. The assault of Daniel Christie sparked the introduction of the coward punch law. The 18-year-old was placed in a critical condition after being punched in the head at King’s Cross on New Year’s Eve. After a string of similar incidents,?
such as the death of Thomas Kelly, in almost the exact same spot in July 2012? there are definitely grounds for the new law. To protect the rights of an individual everyone has the right to be safe and to provide a means of punishment for those who do break the law. Weapons Law On the 1st of January 2011 the Victorian government introduced the new weapons law. As part of this law any one can be searched for knives in a public place anywhere, anytime, with and without notification. Anyone caught illegally carrying knives or other controlled weapons will face a $1000 on the spot fine.
Under eighteens will no longer be able to buy any type of knife, including kitchen knives or knives for school or work. To do so is against the law the consequence being a $235 on the spot fine, or you could face court and receive a fine of over $1,400. Anyone who intentionally sells a knife or other controlled weapons to a minor faces a fine of over $2,300. The variety of new penalties has been put in place to crack down on knife crime, one of the most serious offences being purchasing a prohibited weapon without an exception or consent under the Control of Weapons Act 1990.
The most severe violations of the new law could result in a two year jail sentence and a $28,000 fine. The new laws have been put in place to target and reduce knife crime. They provide guidelines for what can and cannot be do. They also to protect society from harm as well as to punish those who do break the law. Criminal Law (Criminal Organisations Disruption) Amendment Bill 2013 The Criminal Law Amendment Bill 2013 has introduced new offences, stricter penalties, heightened powers for police and the Crime and Misconduct Commission as well as stricter bail laws.
The Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013 contains a range of criminal gang-targeted amendments, including the creation of new offences, larger penalties for existing offences and greater police powers. New offences include three or more members of a criminal gang being together in a public place, a member of a criminal gang being at a banned place and trying to recruit another person to a criminal gang. As well as new laws, new penalties have been put in place containing longer jail times, larger fines and impoundment of any club vehicles involved in any unlawful activities.
The new law has been introduced to target the illegal activities of criminal gangs, including criminal bikie gangs, in Queensland. This law provides guidelines for what we can and can’t do as well as a means of punishing those who do break the law. Sex Discrimination Amendment Bill 2013 On 21 March 2013, the Attorney-General brought in the Sex Discrimination Amendment (Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Intersex Status) Bill 2013 into Parliament. The Bill amended the Sex Discrimination Act 1984. The act gives new protections from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status.
These amendments support the government’s commitment to introduce new safeguards against discrimination on the basis of gender identity. The new amendment provides important, long overdue protection against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, gender identity and intersex status. This law protects the rights of an individual. Tasmanian Surrogacy Bill The Surrogacy Bill 2011 was approved by Tasmania’s Legislative Council on 29th of August 2012 and will allow all couples, including same sex and single persons, to use a surrogate to carry their child.
Under the Bill a surrogacy prearrangement is where a woman (the birth mother) agrees to become pregnant and if necessary jointly with her husband or partner, agrees to renounce the child. To another person or persons the intended parents who will be the child’s parent or parents. The surrogacy bill is primarily made up of a parentage order to handover the parentage and rights in relation of the child to the intended parents and to extinguish any rights (as a parent) the birth mother and her partner may have.
To make sure the wellbeing and well fare of the child are protected, a number of safeguards have been put in place. The safeguards include being satisfied that the parties to the surrogacy arrangement have gained independent legal advice, and counselling about the social and psychological effects of the agreement. Many couples continue to take risks and go to places like India and Thailand to undergo commercial surrogacy procedures despite the harsh penalties. In 2008 there were 423 applications for citizenship for babies who were born in India and Thailand, and in 2012 this number had more than doubled to 978.
This shows that despite the considerable risk of $110,000 in fines and a maximum of two years jail couples are still willing to take the risk. The law aims to protect the rights of an individual. Anti-Hoon Driving Laws From 1st July 2011, the anti-hoon laws state “if police have reasonable grounds for believing a driver has committed a hoon-related offence, they have the power to seize that vehicle and impound or immobilise it for 30 days. ” A vehicle may be impounded or immobilised, irrespective of who owns it and whether the driver is the registered owner.
Any driver committing a second hoon-related offence within three years may have their vehicle impounded for up to three months. If a person is found guilty of three hoon-related offences within three years, their vehicle can be permanently forfeited by the court. Upon such a court order being granted, these vehicles can then be disposed of in a way determined by the Chief Commissioner of Police. If the forfeited vehicle is sold by the State of Victoria, the earnings from the sale will be kept by the State of Victoria.
However, the vehicle may also be crushed or otherwise disposed of by police. In addition to the seizure or forfeiture of the vehicle, if found guilty of a hoon driving offence, the courts can enact a fine of up to 240 penalty units (in excess of $28,000) and/or a period of jail for up to two years. The driver will also lose any demerit points and/or licence loss penalties relating to the offence. The new anti-hoon laws have been put in place to make roads safer and to reduce road trauma. The laws provide a means of punishing those who break the law and to protect individuals from harm.