Examples will be discussed to further describe and measure the effectiveness of these changes. Before the establishment of Metropolitan Police Force, the issuance of permits regarding public meetings and processions are usually under the jurisdiction of the district magistrate and the police were meant only as regulators in those meetings. The problem with this system was that district magistrate that time did not know the reasons and the purposes of public meetings; nonetheless they still issued the needed license.
This kind of system decreased the performance of the police and public welfare was put in the line if problems arose during the public meeting (Raza, n. d. ). The establishment of the new police force brought positive changes to this kind of system. The officer-in-charge of the police station is now authorized to permit an organizer to stage a public meeting or procession. This proved useful since police officers are the ones who personally interact with the people behind the public meeting.
They could judge whether the procession is violent or not, and they could also impose immediate action whether the procession get out of hands. This kind of change allowed police officials to act swiftly to the changes that could happen during public meetings. History proved that most of these meetings and processions did go out of hand; the police were there to effectively manage these. The absorption of other police establishments made the new police force more versatile in answering to different situations concerning the public’s safety and ensuring the maintenance of law and order.
According to the metropolitan database, things such as the Coldbath field’s riots and the attack to the home of Duke of Wellington were properly reprimanded and controlled by the newly established police force (Time line 1829-1849, n. d. ). Though there were some issues about the use of excessive physical force, the fact that they were able to restore order immediately was praised not just by government officials but also by the public.
Fire issues were also put into the hands of new police force after they were able to put a stop to a fire incident at the Milbank Penitentiary during the year 1835 (Time line 1829-1849, n. d. ). The press was the one who urged government officials to further enlarge the role of new police force. Other than this, there was also the establishment of new departments like the Detective Department, which boost the effectiveness of crime prevention of the newly established police force.
It is also worth noting that the Metropolitan police force was the first one to establish criminal and case profiles that were used as references by police officials in solving everyday cases. More importantly, in the later years of the Metropolitan Police Force, it was the first police establishment in the world that was able to establish a fingerprint database (Nicol, 2006). The formation of a department such as this was the result of expanding the covered jurisdiction of the place being monitored by the newly established Metropolitan Police Force.
To further enhance their ability to maintain law and order in the society, the Metropolitan Police Force conducted a large scale enrollment of special constables to accommodate the expansion of their jurisdiction. Though these expansions were the result of their impressive records in maintaining law and order, the new police forces were still facing discipline problems with their officers (Time line 1829-1849, n. d. ). Conclusion It is clear that before and during the Industrial Revolution, there were significant changes that happened concerning police management and crime prevention.
We have already given a detailed picture of the immediate changes that took place during these times and as far as I concerned, most changes were effective enough to be emulated by neighboring countries. The creation of the Metropolitan Police Force and the absorption of other existing police establishments during that time marked the beginning of a centralized administration of police forces (History of police organizations and philosophies, 2008). With this centralized administration, they were able to harness the full capabilities of crime prevention through designating staff to perform specific duties.
Through seminars and training courses, they were able to improve their capabilities and the quality of their job in preventing and apprehension of crime and its perpetrators. Along with it, they also established a database for crime records, criminal’s profiles and evidences that prove useful in helping or solving current cases. Aside from these, it was apparent that government support was indeed important since laws that were needed to prevent and improve the rates of crime prevention lay in the hands of the statesman.
Another important change that happened was the involvement of the public in trying to prevent crime and solving them. The purpose of engaging the interest of the public was to strengthen the prosecution and prevention process not only by reporting criminal offenses and illegal activities but in pointing out assailants as well (Nestvold, 2001).. It is clear that modern police management was the result of interaction between the government, local authorities and the public (History of police organizations and philosophies, 2008).
The police represent the law as it is and they play as the mediator between the government and the public. Through cooperation and support of each other, crime prevention and effective law enforcement proved feasible, both in the Industrial Revolution and in contemporary times.
A history of the nine principles of policing. (2002). Retrieved March 29, 2008 from http://www. magnacartaplus. org/briefings/nine_police_principles. htm Beattie, J. (2007). Sir John Fielding and Public Justice: The Bow Street Magistrates’ Court, 1754-1780. Law and History review 25. 1