Nazi Germany and Jewish Businesses

Summer 1935 ‘Jews not wanted here’ posters began to go up round Germany. September 1935 The Nuremberg Laws deprived Jewish people of their civil rights: they were forbidden to vote they were not allowed to marry Germans Other laws were passed forbidding them to go out at night, or own a bicycle, among other things. 1936 Jewish people were forbidden to be lawyers, doctors or teachers. 9 November 1938 Kristallnacht was when Jewish businesses, synagogues and homes were destroyed. Many Jewish men were killed or put in concentration camps.

January 1939 Hitler accused the Jewish people of stirring up other countries against Germany. He threatened them with annihilation if a war broke out. uring the Second World War, Nazi persecution of the Jewish people worsened into ‘genocide’ – the attempt to kill all the Jewish people in Europe. Genocide 1940: Jewish ghettos Back 12345 Next 1940 In many towns, Jewish people were forced to leave their homes and go to live in Jewish areas, or ‘ghettos’, where they were forbidden to earn a wage. Many starved to death.

1941 All Jewish people were forced to wear a yellow Star of David. 1941 In eastern Europe, Nazi Einsatzgruppen rounded up and murdered over a million Jewish people. 1942 Wannsee Conference: the decision was taken for a ‘Final Solution to the Jewish Problem’ – to exterminate all the Jewish people in Europe. Camps were built at places such as Auschwitz, and Jewish people were rounded up and sent there to be gassed. Jewish prisoners were organised into Sonderkommando units to burn the bodies in the crematoria.

Others were worked to death in labour camps to help the war effort. Winter 1944? 1945 The ‘Death Marches’. As the Russians advanced, the SS guards marched the Jewish people to concentration camps in the west. Many Jewish people died on the marches. Many were killed because they could not keep up. When they reached camps such as Bergen-Belsen in west Germany, they were crammed in in such numbers that they died of starvation or disease.