To preserve a country’s liberty, its government should be well monitored by the people who have established it. Power of government officials, appointed or elected, should be evenly distributed to a broad range of people with differing intentions and concerns. By doing so, no single cumulative power may be exercised by anyone in public office. In a government, the different departments should have a clear and specific goal and set of responsibilities. A department should not overlap the duties of another department.
Moreover, though each has its own scope of control, all departments of the government should maintain mutual relationships with each other. Yet, despite of these relationships, they should be independent of one another. Thus, the author is correct in saying that each department should have a will of its own as a guide in fulfilling their function and that each member should not have anything to do with the instatement of the other members (Publius). Since such endeavors will more likely initiate a conspiracy of the different departments and of the government as a whole and thus may end up to tyranny.
In order to prevent such circumstances, the author suggests that control be implemented by dependence of the government and the departments on the people governed (Publius). Nevertheless, this is not enough. The different branches of the government including legislature and judiciary should be broken up to smaller groups with varying functions. By doing so, one busies the different factions with their own concerns, leaving the opportunity of unification to employ excessive power on the people, unattended. The government should be monitored by the people, both from the majority and minority parties.
It is only in this way that the people in public service are restrained from plotting power grabs to suit their intentions of personal gain. It is also in this way that the governed people are insured that everyone’s concerns and recommendations are heard and acted upon. References Publius. The Avalon Project at Yale Law School. (2008, May 15). The Federalist Papers: No. 51, The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments. Retrieved May 15, 2008, from http://www. yale. edu/lawweb/avalon/federal/fed51. htm.