Mongol Influences in China and Russia

The Mongolian Empire was one of the largest empires to exist. It stretched and conquered Russia, China, parts of Eastern Europe and the Middle East. Two cultures impacted by Mongolian Rule were Russia and China. Both of these were large countries prior to the Mongolian invasions. The Mongolian invasion ended up influencing the political and economic traditions in several ways. The Mongolian expansion opened trade routes. China was able to export large amounts of silk and porcelain. This made China a center of commerce, allowing international trade.

Trade in Russia benefited only a few cities including Moscow, who collected tribute for the Mongols. Many of the Russians were worse off because they had to work to pay both Russian landlords and the Mongolian tribute. The peasants were little more than slaves. The Mongols caused the Russian economy to crash, which made Russia restart all the agricultural affairs. Russia became very dependent on peasant labor. In both of these countries, the farmland’s economy suffered due to little pay for farmers and the excessive hard work.

Mongolian rulers and conquerors horded precious metals, depriving them from the countries’ economy. Paper money started to be used widely and caused some inflation. The Mongol Era united China and formed the Yuan and Ming Empire. The population decreased and the nation united into one. On the other hand, Russia was split up and was forced to be based on agriculture. The Mongols wanted access in China and Russia to be easier. In China, the Mongols moved the capital to Beijing. Beijing then became the center of trade and commerce in China and for Southeast Asia.

In Russia, the Mongols formed an alliance with the Orthodox Church. Mongolia combined the church and government, giving the church more political power. Because the church was in Moscow that is where they collected the tribute and let the church prosper. Mongol rule was religiously tolerant. In Russia, the Orthodox Christians practiced their faith and the church grew. In China, Confucianism and other practices were permitted. By allowing the native people to practice their own religion, the Mongolians avoided a religious war, where the people would fight for their faith.

Russia was ruled by a Czar while China was ruled with an Emperor. The Chinese system of dynasties and how the dynasties where run stayed the same. The Russian political rulers changed and were affected over time. It did not stay the same from prior Mongolia to post Mongolia. The Mongolian influences in China and Russia were good and bad. In China, the country was brought together, and it became the center of commerce. In Russia, the economy crashed and the country split into pieces. But in both countries peace was established for many generations. View as multi-pages