Model United Nations on Crisis in Congo

Background: The Congo Crisis period was a turmoil in First Republic of the Congo during their fight for independence form the Belgium and ended up having power from Joseph Mobutu. This crisis caused the death of some 100,000 people and it led to the assassination of Prime Minister Patrice Lumuba as well as the death of the UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold in a plane crash that he was going to be mediate this issue.

In May of 1997 Tutsi and other anti-Mobutu rebels aided principally by Rwanda capture capital Kinshasa, then Zaire is remanded the Democratic Republic Congo and Laurent-Desire Kablia installed as president. The rebels want to control the nation because they want to have control over what the government says and does. The President of Congo has tried many times to reason with the rebels but it seems that not going to go anywhere now. In the year 2004 the Congolese forces had clash with the DRC army and the UN had decided it was best for them to lead to their withdrawal.

In the year 2002 since the war in the nation had not yet stopped Lusaka had come around with yet another agreements and this was a new peace agreement. The only bad side to this was it was only the presidents of the DRC and Rwanda signing it there was no rebels to be seen. Since the agreement in October of the same year Rwandan troops started to withdraw from eastern DRC United Nations Involvement: The United Nations has put an enormous amount of work into solving this issue.

UNICEF’s involvement was a report was The State of the World’s Children 2008, 31 percent of children under the age of five in DR Congo suffer form moderate to severe malnutrition; 12 percent of babies born here have low birth weight; and only 24 percent of mothers exclusively breastfeed for the first six months of their children’s lives. The United Nations peacekeepers mission in Congo has been a major chapter in the Congo Crisis. In October of 2004 the UN Security Council deployed some 5,900 soldiers to help the MONUC in the DRC.

Within these issues many UN members have increased their support through intervening with the civil conflicts for humanitarian reason, so they are able to assist the humanitarian reasons. Such as providing more help towards the famine victims and stop the widespread violence against the native people with the nation. There was a program in the 1960s to help with this issue which was called the United Nations Operation in the Congo (UNOC) even though the United Nations in the past usually doesn’t try to get themselves involved with these types of crisis they chose to risk it so they could help mediate this crisis.

Country Profile: To help solve this issue on October 19 South African President Mandela had a meeting in Museveni in Pretoria to discussed the Congo Crisis. Since we are a neighbor near the Congo we are trying everything we can to help the people within the nation. In the year 2002 there were peace negotiations were re-launched and in that same year all the Congolese belligerents, civil society, and unarmed opposition movements singed an agreement in South Africa. For our issue of immigration we have a total of 16% of people moving from Congo to South Africa.

We are trying everything we can to help the people of Congo with their issue. We are not saying no to anyone who is coming into our borders but at the same time we are trying to find a way to protect the people of not only our country but as well the nation of Congo. We are providing troops of military towards this issue to make sure the people are safe and sound now. As well we are on committee along with other nations to make sure that both parties are staying to what they are agreeing towards in the agreement that they are in the process of signing.

If we keep on letting more and more people come into our nation we Congo wont be the only one that will have a crisis around here. Since we are letting so many people come in we may start having issues their since they are taking away from what true native of South Africa deserve to have now. But since our involvement in this crisis we have been able to help mediate talks and help the people of the nation become more unified and that has gone to the people actually being able to reformat their own type of government that they want to have now.

Another issue we are dealing with is the number of refuges that are coming into our country. We have a total amount of 33,000 people just coming from Congo every year and those who are immigrating is 7,818. We have all means to continue helping these people and we are going to, but we are still trying to look towards the future for our own people now, so we cannot go through anything that will upset the balance of power in things now. Solutions:

As South Africa we believe that every live is precious and that if a country is able to then they should be able to contribute everything and anything they can to protect the people. Since we are a huge time contributor to housing refuges we feel that we can do even more to protect the people. The usage of peacekeepers could really help not only the people but it would give them a sense that everything would be okay if there is someone their trying to make everything better for them. When trying to reason with the rebels we must remember they are always after something.

So we must try to set up a peace talk between the rebels and the nations supporting the rebels so we can sort everything out now. Since South Africa is very involved in trying to keep peace and has held talks in the past we suggest that we could be the party that could hold these talks. We all want this to be over there has been enough blood shed and lives lot lets just try to get to an equal ground now. We would like to try to send in Teachers with out borders and along with them Doctors without borders.

The reason behind why the Teachers would be so we can try to educated the people so they are the future so we must educated the future to see a better tomorrow and for the Doctors so we can all know that everyone is safe and being taken care of in every sense now. With the issue of refuges since there are so many coming into our nation we must keep up with them and show them that there can be a better tomorrow. We must also try to help them by encouraging them to start reformatting their government so they can be a more stabile nation now. We must remember that we must not go against any country’s sovereignty and respect their wishes.