Death penalty is also known as capital punishment. It is done by directly killing an individual guilty of doing a crime. According to the Amnesty International website “death penalty violates the right to life. It is the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. It has no place in a modern criminal justice system” (Amnesty International, 2008). This is an irrevocable punishment made by all judicial system because it takes away life of innocent people.
At some point death penalty becomes unfair on issues involving social status of the victim and the criminal. It is discriminatory because it goes against the poor and gives out justice for those who has superior power and can pay more (Amnesty International, 2008). Amnesty International (2007) noted that death penalty is also used by the government to suppress dissenting voices: The death penalty has been and continues to be used as a tool of political repression, as a means to silence forever political opponents or to eliminate politically
“troublesome" individuals. In most such cases the victims are sentenced to death after unfair trials. It is the irrevocable nature of the death penalty that makes it so tempting as a tool of repression (Amnesty International, 2007). Political misuse is involved by allowing death penalty. “Thousands have been put to death under one government only to be recognized as innocent victims when a new government comes to power (Amnesty International, 2007). Death penalty harms majority of people.
It really violates the right to live. However there are certain arguments made about death penalty. This is because there are countries that adhere to this kind of punishment. Some goes in favor of corporal punishment while majority opposes the said type of punishment. Arguments about Death Penalty Against Death Penalty (Cons) There are many countries that already abolished death penalty. The International law already addressed the concern of death penalty as a way of degrading human rights. In addition to these:
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in December 1948 in response to the staggering extent of state brutality and terror witnessed during WWII recognizes each person's right to life and categorically states that "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment" (Amnesty International, 2007). You cannot bring a dead person's life back. Most cases of death penalty involve penniless individuals who are convicted because of powerlessness.
They died out of unfair situation (Ornellas, 2001). Another issue that opposes death penalty is the idea that it is being publicized. The more publicity about death penalty is, the greater the chance of other countries to adopt it. One good example of this is the issue cited by Ornellas (2001) in his website about death penalty arguments: giving the Linberg kidnapping as an example, “A number of states adopted the death penalty for crime like this, but figures showed kidnapping increased. Publicity may encourage crime instead of preventing it” (Ornellas, 2001).
Death penalty never discourages crime. Instead reporting the cases of such punishment also advertise the crime perse which is being adopted by criminals (Ornellas, 2001). Some innocent people died because of death penalty. Every country should be free of murder but then because of death penalty, even those who are just victim of circumstances were killed. Victims are bigger when wrong persons are accused. “Conviction of the innocent does occur and death makes a miscarriage of justice irrevocable” (Ornellas, 2001).
Although death penalty is used to frighten people not to commit crime, still fear of dying does not reduce crime rates. There are executions through history that was made in public and done brutally but then crime rates still raises. “Evidence shows execution does not act as a deterrent to capital punishment”(Ornellas, 2001). Lastly, revenge is also one great cause of death penalty. “Legal vengeance solidifies social solidarity against law breakers and is the alternative to the private revenge of those who feel harmed. ” (Ornellas, 2001).