The prime minister and the cabinet together make up the Swedish government. They are selected from the largest party or from a coalition of parties. Similarly, the chief executive power lies with the prime minister. This prime minister is proposed by the parliament speaker and confirmed by the parliamentary votes. After confirmation, the prime minister selects the cabinet which normally consists of 18-20 members and it reflects the number of parties or coalition parties that are in power. There are threshold rules which govern parliamentary representation in Sweden in terms of the small parties.
The main purpose of these rules is to ensure that there is no splitting up of representation in the government amongst several small parties in the country. A party ought to achieve at least 4% of all the votes in the country or 12% of all the constituency votes. The 12% rule is an exception to the 4% threshold if a party does not attain it (Elections to the Swedish Riksdag, 2006). Swedish government has also operated with a minority government in which the largest party does not benefit from being a majority but has to form informal coalitions with other Riksdag parties.
Sweden was ruled by minority governments in the 1990s and the 1991 elections resulted in a minority coalition government of Liberals, Christian party of the People, the Center party and the Conservatives (Copeland & Patterson, 1994). Minority governments differ based on their effectiveness and strength but they are generally accompanied by political problems. It is worth noting that there are different systems of democracy and they all depend on the system that each country chooses to operate in. The democratic system applied by Sweden enables the country to effectively undertake the activities planned.
In addition, the Swedish government once operated under the rule of minority governments. On the same note, countries that are still operating under minority governments could try the majorities so as to curb on some political problems. \ References: Copeland, G. W. , & Patterson, S. C. (1994). Parliaments in the modern world:. New York: University of Michigan Press. Elections to the Swedish Riksdag. (2006). Retrieved July 6, 2010, from http://www. riksdagen. se/upload/Dokument/bestall/engelska/Faktablad_E01. pdf