Decreasing spendings on the world’s total arms in the early 90’s may have given the antimilitarists a hope of peace but with the milenium, the expenses to strengthen military raised whereas the other government spendings are being cut by the nations. The top three countries with the highest amounts are unsuprisingly the major players of global politics and economics; USA, China and Russia who are followed by France and United Kingdom. Nations’ total spendings on their militaries is $1. 7 tn, may seem a little bit shocking to people who think there are very few ongoing shooting wars around the globe.
As a most extravagant country with $711 bn. spending, United States use this force to deter it’s non-allies, in fact do not avoid attacking to the countires for blurry and groundless reasons. USA’s attitude on North-Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq is a good example of how they handle their foreign policy issues and how they use deterrence policy. With the recent developments and investments on high-tech arms, invention of unmanned and nuclear weapons, this threat is becoming more undesirable, especially when considering climbing tension with Iran.
The second leading actor of the world economy with the unstoppable progress, China has became the most mentioned and most feared country by the eastern nations in many manners. The rising power of their economy and political strenght helped them to advance their military force which costs $143 bn. Eventhough they have the second biggest army and almost 1. 5 billion population, they form their politics based on defense strategy which puts them into position where they can protect their up-going position confidently and concentrate on the welfare of their citizens.
Compared to United States and China, Russia’s spending on military is much more small and modest however they have a very intimidating power of nuclear weapons which is used as a indicator of global strength status. Since the government is eager to play an active and arbiter role in the international policy arena, they follow a deterrence strategy and show very self-confident posture as a nation. The Russian Military Doctrine approved by president Medvedev on February 5, 2010, states that ”nuclear weapons will remain as an important factor to prevent an emergence of nuclear and conventional armed conflicts.
”1 As the major players of global arena, and the members of European Union and United Nations; Great Britain, Germany and France follow the defense strategy as their foreign policy where they show a strong military force but willingness to use their political power rather than physical force. Following the EU policies, the three big brothers of the old continent stand for political stability, security and prosperity. Eventhough Iran is not considered as a very powerful and strong military force, their strategy of deterrence and idle threatenings find place on the newspapers very often. With $7.
47 billions of spending on armed forces, they take the 25th place on the world list. Standing closer to the Russia-China strategical partnership and inventing on the nuclear power shows the desire of Iran to become a more powerful and frightening country on the field of politics and war. Being the only non-muslim country on the region and the religious motives of both the government and the citizens, Israel tries to justify it’s own agressive and deterrent strategy as a nation. Having the most advanced military technology and forming strong alliances help them to overcome the all hostile attitudes and so-called terrorism. 1 .