Introduction Group cohesion determines how well a group, whether business or military, holds together or bonds. When cohesion is strong, it shows a group or team that it will remain stable; however, if a group or team is weak, they may fall apart quickly. Many people are affected by group cohesion and team behavior; mostly those who are concerned with making large organizations work more efficiently. Review of Military and Businesses Military Cohesion respectively refers to a condition that causes members of the Armed Forces to basically conform to standards of behavior as well as subordinate self-interest to the military.
Cohesion, in military terms, can actually be defined as the highest level of the military institution at the primary level; small, intimate, face-to-face or platoon. However, if one is in the primary group, this is the most intense but must be integrated within a larger organization (TR Document Retrieval N. p. , n. d). After the Vietnam War, many were concerned with the deterioration of unit morale and cohesion. Many people have disputed the problems among military professionals that in fact, cohesion was truly a problem for these soldiers. However, many believe this problem still exists.
According to the TR Document Retrieval document, there has been considerable evidence in the social science area that suggests a causal relationship that seems to not exist between the leadership and its incentives which are highly used to gain membership and fulfillment in this particular organization as well as commitment. During this particular study, there are several areas that are necessary in order for this cohesion issue to be resolved. The first thing that is noted would be to develop an plan that would clearly identify all the components of a true military cohesion.
Second, one would need to analyze all the major systemic and variables along with the many factors of leader behavior and its culture. Third, it is also believed to be the key organizational element to cohesion, focusing on the effort of the Officer Corps (Sowell 1993) . It is said that Military cohesion is probably the most critical factor in combat situations and success. There has been an abundance of evidence that cohesion within the US Military still needs improvement. Unit cohesion is absolutely essential for a strong military.
It is more than being liked by others but yet a willingness to die for someone else (Team Cohesion/Trust – Military Culture Coalition). Therefore, the definition of military cohesion is simply this, it is the bonding together of members of a particular unit or organization in such a manner to sustain their commitment to each other and their unit as well as the mission itself (TR Document Retrieval N. p. , n. d). There are a couple of different cohesions within the military. First is horizontal cohesion. This involves mutual dependence for survival in combat. The second cohesion is vertical.
This is the bond of trust that may exist between the commander in chief, subordinate leaders, and the troops he/she leads. Both of these different cohesion’s develop from strong bonds of mutual confidence, trust, and discipline that may make survival possible under stressful wartime conditions. Military discipline must be taught. It is not something you learn overnight. It entails selfless courage during war time away from home. If the armed forces did not have unit cohesion, discipline and high morale, they would degrade into an unorganized cohort of leaderless people with armed weapons.
Morale is a huge component within the armed forces because it is simply defined as “how things are done,” and should never be taken for granted. As a columnist, Thomas Sowell, once noted “Military morale is an intangible, but it is one of those intangibles without which the tangibles do not work. ” (Sowell 1993). Evidence There are many areas where businesses benefit from group cohesion. For instance, there has always been a saying that smaller groups are better. This is actually a true statement when deciding who should belong on which team. The main reason why is because the smaller the group, the better the cohesion.
People who share certain characteristics such as gender, race, religion, etc will usually have a stronger bond in a group where as a group that is larger and has unlike characteristics is usually weak (WiseGEEK. N. p. , n. d). Probability I have heard the famous saying, and I hold true to it today, “I would not join any group that would have someone like me as a member. ” I find this statement to be true for cohesion because the harder it is to be accepted or get into a group, the more incentive people have to stay. However, being involved in a group does have its rewards and punishments.
Many can be rewarded by holding a strong bond and showing commitment toward their teammates. A punishment could be team members leaving the group and having the others struggle to maintain the outcomes that fall into their laps. There are many areas that define cohesion within diverse groups. For instance, positive perceptions, team spirit, training, opportunity, common goals and a mission and last but not least, positive working climate (Building Cohesion with Diverse Groups. pdf. N. p. , n. d). Within the PowerPoint of Building Cohesion with Diverse Groups, it speaks about the techniques for actually building task cohesion.
Teams should focus on their identity by using logos and names as well as slogans. Teams should also focus on meshing individuals’ skill levels together and understanding strong points. Every team member should understand the task by not only giving well defined instructions, objectives and assignments. Each team member is responsible for his or her own part and understanding the goal that is to be maintained. In the end, teams should respond and provide feedback and understand the final goal. Teams should also understand that time is of essence but should allow sufficient time to get to know each other.
Teams should also allow communication between one another and understand skill diversity between members. Each member should also make sure that directions are clear and precise for all others to follow and understand their job for the task at hand. Rewards should be given for a job well done whether it is for a business or military task. Assignments or missions can be difficult or the goal can be not even in sight but having that positive reward system is essential in any job function. Group dynamics, if positive, should result in improved quality work. However, encouragement should be observed by fellow team members for a job well done or motivation.
Communication is also encouraged and is essential in working with a group whether it be for a company or military. If communication is not open, disaster can occur. Conclusion In the end, it doesn’t matter if individuals are working for a corporate office or behind enemy lines. Cohesion is essential in all that we do. We need team work and communication to get the job done and done well. If we cannot follow imperative requirements, the end result could be negative.
Working together and keeping the goal insight is always the key elements in our jobs. Works Cited Http://www. law.berkeley. edu/files/csls/Unit_Cohesion_and_Military_Performance_Ch5_MacCoun_Hix. pdf. N. p. , n. d. Web. “Team Cohesion/Trust – Military Culture Coalition. ” Team Cohesion/Trust – Military Culture Coalition. N. p. , n. d. Web. 06 Oct. 2013. . Thompson, Leigh L. Making the Team. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, 2011. Print. “TR Document Retrieval. ” TR Document Retrieval. N. p. , n. d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013. Sowell, Thomas. “The Anointed and Those Who Aren’t. ” Washington Times Feb. -Mar. 1993: n. pag. Print. “What Is Group Cohesion? ” WiseGEEK. N. p. , n. d. Web. 15 Sept. 2013.