The officials in the customs dispense huge amounts of resources ( time and money) searching for contraband– a feat which causes derailments and exorbitant costs in clearing the commercial shipments. Herein, filthy lucre oust legitimate capital, whereas the latter is always efficient and devoid of violence, unlike the former. Albeit, insanity sets in, in the wake of legitimate businesses undergoing liquidation and exiting due to the unfair trade. Based on these prospects, most economists agree that Colombian economic woes can be considered as the consequences of the illegal drug industry.
Colombia still suffers untold catalogs of sorrows, owing to the fact that it faces massive cases of violence from the drug trafficking military factions that always seek to acquire more tracts of land for the production of the illegal crops. This adds to the infrastructural constraints and the common liquidity that are faced by all the Latin American exporters. However, the Colombian case is further aggravated by spates of complicated and protracted internal strife.
4,000 civilians have been killed, 500 are known to have disappeared, 2,986 were kidnapped, while 373,020 are known to have been displaced in the year 2000 alone, in Colombia (Johnson, 1999 pp. 33). These developments have been warranted by the political conflicts in the country. This, apart from the obvious fact that it robs the country of a peaceful environment that is expedient for business and agriculture, it also robs the country of skills from expatriates since many foreign consultants have developed cold feet as far as working in Colombia is concerned.
In a more related sense, this state of affairs also deprive the country of manpower, or labor as many are killed while others seek asylum in different countries. The mainstream guerrilla faction in Colombia is the the Armed Forces of the Colombian Revolution(the FARC), which is the biggest insurgent group in the country, being a Marxist military group. By approximation, it has 17,000 members (Palacios, 2006 pp. 125).
This faction funds its undertakings by extorting money and other resources from both legit and illegitimate enterprises that fall under this factions domains, and kidnapping. Again, the rural area suffers the heaviest blow due to the fact that this group that has been in force since 1964 has much of its base in the rural ares of Colombia. Moreover, the military bandit group has recently expanded its tentacles into the chief cities in Colombia.
Among other things, the main items being clamored for are the government price support and subsidies for the agricultural products, comprehensive land reforms, health care provision, the issuance of credit assistance and the amelioration and accessibility of education for and to the peasants. Since the formation of this group, it continues to mutate in terms of the strategies employed, while at the same time, it has undergone a lot of tremendous growth.
At the ushering in of the new millennium, the FARC military faction formed the Movmiento Bolivariano, a political wing, in order to counter injustices, state terrorism, injustices and employment. The fate of Colombia in relation to violence is far much grave due to the fact that apart from the above militant groups, there are other main violently aggressive actors which are known as the paramilitaries. At the onset of the 1960s, these factions were considered legal in the sense that they were being used by the then government to fight the left wing guerrillas.
However, more problems began to creep in with many drug barons and numerous drug dealers forming or joining these groups to secretly take the guerrillas head on and to aid the army in the efforts of countersurgency (Wiarda and Kline, 2000 pp. 76). With the increase in the paramilitary outfits, these bodies were proscribed in the 1980s by the government. However, there have been allegations human rights groups and civil watch dog groups that there are still transactions between the government which sponsors these factions, and these groups.
Herein, the presently dominant group works and operates under the aegis of the other paramilitary groups, with its founder being Castano Carlos, who is also the founder of the Peasant Self Defense Groupings of the Araba of Cordobay, the ACCU. This group was formed in the 1980s, following FARC kidnapping and the subsequently murdering Castano’s father. The group is taken by the AUC as legitimate, and also having a legitimate aim of trouncing the Colombian left wing insurgents.