Michael’s release from prison to a halfway house presents challenges for him and the development of a new treatment program to support him. The focus of the intervention is to endure that Michael will be able to continue rehabilitation, develop competencies for social integration and deter regression to his former addictions (NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, 1999). There are three elements that are critical for accomplishment: completion of therapy and counseling, employment and social integration.
Michael’s completion of therapy and counseling is part of the conditions of his conviction and therefore are critical for his full release. At the same time, it will serve as a means of monitoring his progress and a platform for interventions as may be needed (Pistole, 2001). Similar to the outline of his treatment plan in prison, Michael’s halfway house and release program should emphasize social values and relationships. This is to further reinforce Michaels attested realization of the social consequences of his actions and his regrets that he had not followed advice given to him by his parents in the past (Williams & Garland, 2002).
By further reinforcing his relationship with his family at this stage, his relationship also goes in a transition parallel to his prison to society transition (Bracken & Thomas, 2006). Michel’s possible employment or ability to be productive at this stage is also critical because it will determine his future capacity to support himself. Another motivation for encouraging this is to allow Michael a sense of control and personal responsibility, a transition that can he has expressed to have difficulty with during counseling (Williams & Garland, 2002).
If he is able to retain employment or productivity, his perceptions of loss of social capacity can be eased. This in turn will give a more optimistic perspective on his release instead of perceiving it as another drastic change in his context or environment (Pistole, 2001). The most important objective for Michel is regarding his social reintegration. This involves building relationships with family and friends, becoming a member of general society once more and dealing with issues that maybe associated with his convictions.
In his sessions while in prison, Michael has already given indication that he understands the negativity that he will have to deal with because of his incarceration therefore what is necessary now is that he build the skills necessary to deal with these conditions. This will allow Michel to respond positively even if he encounters negative reactions to his incarceration or encounters other difficulties after his release (Williams & Garland, 2002).
It is also highly desired if Michael becomes active in community intervention activities related to drug abuse or becomes involved in social involvements such as special interest groups. These two involvements after his release will serve to reinforce his social bonds and at the same time allow his to share his experiences to others. However, there should also be caution in encouraging Michael’s participation in these activities addictions (NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, 1999).
In the former, he can become vulnerable to criminal elements and sources to duel his past addictions. The latter presents social challenges that may exacerbate the stress he is anticipated to feel during his transition from prison. At this stage, the continued efforts to address these issues are critical to ensure that his rehabilitation and correction which was initiated in prison actually becomes successful in real social settings which in turn will deter his vulnerability to commit other crimes and productivity in society (Bracken & Thomas, 2006).
There should be an understanding the Michael’s prison experience is not only for punitive and corrective measure but seeks to make him a productive member of society again. In conclusion, support from therapy and counseling can subscribe to the changes in his needs is necessary to ensure his rehabilitation social productivity and reintegration.
Bracken, P. & Thomas, P. (2001) Post-psychiatry: a new direction for mental health.BMJ Volume 322: 724-727 NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (1999). Getting evidence into practice. Effective Health Care February 5(1) Pistole, M. Carole (2001). Mental Health Counseling: Identity and Distinctiveness. ERIC/CASS Digest ED462672 Williams, C. and Garland, A. (2002). Identifying and challenging unhelpful thinking. Advan Psychiatr Treat September Volume 8 Number 5: 377 – 386.