Medieval justice, crime and punishments

Medieval justice, crime and punishments has shaped the modern justice to a medium extent. What is justice? Justice is paying back a crime that you have committed. The medieval times spanned from 500AD – 1500AD. The medieval justice system followed the system of trial by ordeal, including trial by hot poker and trial by water, which gave the suspected criminal no chance to plea, his case. The modern justice system has taken a step on from that and instead of dealing physical punishments they send you to prison. In today’s society physical punishment is not always the way to go.

Community involvement played a major part in the medieval justice system in the absence of a professional police force. The police and surveillance force relied on the community to inform them of a wrongdoing. Therefore if you had a form of power, you could inform the authority of a non-existent crime. The court and jury of the middle ages followed the system of guilty as charged. Consequences and punishments of the middle ages were very harsh and there was no escape from the severe punishment the citizen was about to face. Body 1 Community involvement played a major part in the medieval justice system.

The authority relied on the citizens of the village to inform them of a crime in the absence of a professional police force. This work in the way that the authority would be informed of a crime and further punishment would be laid. This has shaped the modern day as the police rely on the community to inform them of a crime. The lord of the manor would call upon the baker, knights and the reeve to give evidence of the committed crime. Based on the information provided the decision would be made. There was no time for the offender to plead his case.

The modern justice system follows that system to a medium extent but the only different is the offender has a chance to plea their case. The modern system follows the medieval system, as it relies on the community to inform of the crime and to give evidence of the crime. Body 2 The police force in the medieval times hadn’t evolved yet. So the authority relied to the community to inform them of a crime committed. This element worked to the extent that all citizens had a right to inform the authority of a crime and that would be time into further consideration. Since the modern police force has been in place the crime rate has dropped.

In modern society the police have the right to chase the criminal. This is linked to the medieval society in the way that the police are the citizens and they can inform the authority of a crime. ’ Body 3 The birth of the modern justice system, including the judge, jury and the concept of innocent until proven guilty are the main aspects developed from the medieval times. The notion of guilty as charged was a horrific as it gave the criminal no chance to plead the innocence. As soon as the criminal was accused of a crime the case came to a conclusion and the case was solved.

Therefore there was no way of getting out of the severe punishments you were about to face. The modern jury consists of 12 anonymous people from the community to decide from the evidence if the criminal is guilty or innocent. The modern justice system first came into place in 1967. The modern justice follows the system of innocent until proven guilty. This system is a much fairer but more complex system. The criminal can hire a lawyer to defend their case and try to find him innocent of any crime. Body 4 The medieval punishments and consequences were a lot harsher than the modern system.

These severe punishments acted in the place of a prison. This element worked in the sense that the punishment would hurt or kill the criminal so badly that they wouldn’t commit any further crimes. One of these punishments is the trial by hot poker. This trial is started with the criminal walking 5 paces with the scolding poker on there hand. This would create a severe burn mark. The criminal’s hand would be bandaged up and the criminal would be required to return to the court and if the hand hasn’t shown any healing progress they would be found innocent. If it became e infected the criminal would be found guilty.

They believed that god would make the decision on whether they were guilty or not. In the modern punishment system when I crime is committed the criminal is expected to attend the court hearing. If the crime is severe the suspect will be given a time in prison. This is to let them reflect on their wrongdoing. In conclusion the modern justice system has been shaped from the medieval system to a medium extent. The modern system has used the court judge system. The community involvement reflects on the medieval times. Therefore a citizen can inform the authority of a crime and further investigation will be done.