Medieval India and China

In the following paper I will discuss the key differences in medieval India and China. I will compare and contrast each society’s social, cultural, political, and religious climates. In addition, explaining the civilizations economic environment during medieval times. Finally, I will describe how the Turks and Mongols influenced these two civilizations. During medieval times, India’s social climate could be considered one of an idealistic civilization. From growing crops, to the teachings of higher forms of education, India was booming with potential. During the time between CA 300-1400, the society itself boomed with international trades of sugar, cotton, pepper, and cinnamon.

The agricultural advantage was good for India because these resources were in high demand elsewhere in the surrounding regions. The Gupta Empire for example (ca 320-480) controlled large amounts of territory in India during these times, in a prosperous and somewhat peaceful way. During the Gupta Empires’ reign, it was considered a period of peace and growth. Very in tune with the arts, the Gupta kings ensured that works of art were treasured and preserved. Other various arts, such as poetry and mythological tales were reworked and refined as well. This appreciation for the arts inspired the rise of India drama.

Other great accomplishments during these times were mathematics, which likens itself to the systems of Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks. A few hundred years later, Chinas social climate (ca 800-1400) was considered the most advanced in that region of the world. Unlike India, who had an agricultural advantage with various spices during their times,