Mechanics of Law and Legislation

In order to maintain the orderliness and prevent acts that are harmful to our environment and people, the government establishes, rules, regulating the acts of people. Laws are implemented mainly to serve variety of purpose: to provide justice, to protect the society, to achieve equality, to protect human rights, to deter anti-social or criminal behavior, and to protect the vulnerable. Law encompasses all human activity. It is upheld in order to avoid conflicts and misunderstanding that may affect human relations and interaction. The idea of establishing laws is they are upheld for human beings to abide by.

If there are no laws to control or regulate our actions, the world would become a chaotic one. As beings with vested interests, it is in our nature to prioritize and protect them. Hence, if one could imagine a world without laws to keep our actions under control, it is likely that he or she would have a vision of people fighting each other to get what they want, consumed with their own self-interests. What happens if someone violates the law? When someone violates the law, there is an equivalent consequence as stated in the written constitution.

Unlawful acts are often subjected to a certain punishment, depending on the gravity of his misdeed. To determine his punishment, the reason which provoked the crime or misconduct has to be assessed. The offender’s medical conception should also be determined in case of insanity, as a case is usually weakened when it is against offenders who are recognized by law as “mentally incapacitated” or “insane” (Fletcher 800). However, people will always be held responsible and accountable for their actions whether intentional or unintentional.

What if the law is not fair or just? There is no guarantee that the law is 100 percent flawless. There will always be lapses in judgment, since laws are drafted by human beings who are not born perfect, like every one of us. If the government enacts a law that wrongly invades one’s right or undermines cultural norms, and members of society chose to oppose to it, they may contest the validity and legality of a bill or any law to the court who will interpret the case (Cohen and Arato 578). Thus, we cannot always expect law to be just and fair.

It may be beneficial to some and a cost to another, depending on their involvement in the issue. Lawmakers just compromise the costs and benefits that can be derived from the implementation of such laws. Who makes the law? In the U. S. , the legislature is the branch of government to which the power and responsibility of making laws is vested upon. The state legislature makes state laws, while the federal legislature or the Congress is the one behind the creation of federal laws (Irving 407). There are still some problems in our legislation system, for it is not that easy to make and pass laws.

When a law or bill is passed, it is subjected to numerous legal processes in order to be enacted as a law. Some issues and problems are very difficult to legislate away for their diversity and enormity. (2) Why are environmental problems often difficult to legislate away? What improvements have been made in air and water quality in recent years? What problems still need solutions? Why are environmental problems often difficult to legislate away? Environmental problems cannot be solved by just passing laws and statutes that will impose restrictions in order to balance the interaction of man and his environment.

However, laws upheld to address these environmental concerns are essential and necessary to reinforce actions that might help in resolving them. We cannot simply legislate our way to positive and permanent behavior change. The core of the environmental problems is deeply rooted to our attitudes toward our surroundings and our willingness to protect it. We need a deeper spiritual approach backed up with education (Forget the Light Bulbs: Part II n. p. ). What improvements have been made in air and water quality in recent years? Many laws were passed and implemented to protect our environment and to enhance the quality of the natural resources.

To preserve and protect air quality, several laws were implemented by U. S. Environment Protection Agency (EPA), including “the Clean Air Act and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) as implemented (Ribaudo and Weinberg n. p). There are laws to keep our water clean, such as “the Clean Water Act. ” This Act specifically maintains the quality of surface water (Ribaudo and Weinberg n. p). What problems still need solutions? There are still many existing problems that need solution, such as global warming, which is the greatest environmental concern to date.

Hence, the enactment of environmental laws which aim to address the problem of global warming can greatly contribute to the prevention of its destructive consequences to our planet. Citizen action and cooperation are also needed in order to improve our legislation. Conclusion Without the existence of law, our world will be filled with humans consumed with self-interests. Crime would be rife and the sanctity of life would be ignored. Without these laws, it would be like living in a world of non-intelligent animals that hunt for food and kill only for their own survival.

Laws passed are acquainted with appropriate punishments that will be applied to those who will commit unlawful acts. State legislators are responsible for the making and passing of law that would govern the nation. Environmental problems are not easy to solve. The core of the problem does not lie on the legal aspect of the issue, but on human behavior and values that deeply affect our relationship with the environment. Thus, there are still a lot of problems that need to be resolved in order to fully bring out the potential of our human and natural resources.

Works Cited

Cohen, Jean L. and Andrew Arato.Civil Society and Political Theory. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. Fletcher, George P. Rethinking Criminal Law. Madison Ave. , NY: Oxford UP, 2000. “Forget the Light Bulbs: Part II. ” Grist Magazine, Inc. 21 September 2007. 27 May 2008. <http://gristmill. grist. org/story/2007/9/20/131247/105>. Irving, Shae. Nolo’s Encyclopedia of Everyday Law: Answers to Your Most Frequently Asked Legal Questions. USA: Nolo, 2008. Ribaudo, Marc and Weinberg, Marca. “Improving Air and Water Quality Can Be Two Sides of the Same Coin. Amber Waves. ” United States Department of Agriculture. September 2005. 27 May 2008. <http://www. ers. usda. gov/Ambe