Many immigrants in the United States come looking for better paying jobs, better life, education, and for political reasons. Not all the immigrants have been accorded equal status, thus making some of them to participating less in the local issues. This research paper looks at why the immigrant of the Asian origin’s participation in the local politics of the United States is not very high. Asian Americans participation in politics
Several studies have found out that immigrants’ status is a great impediment to political involvement, while the immigration related characteristics such as country of origin, naturalization processes, length of stay in the Unites States, and the sojourner’s complex have been found to have a strong influence on the political behavior of the immigrants (Jun, 2002, page 3). According to Jun, “a factor of particular relevance to political economy approach is that first generation immigrants usually do not have the necessary skills for full-fledged political participation”, (pp.3).
To the Asian immigrants, especially the ones with low income and education, intellectual consumption that includes overcoming language barrier as well as processing the complex information concerning politics might create a high cost to their participation in politics, which is disappropriate. There is also a sharp contrast between the quasi political system in the Asian countries and the American democratic political system that makes it difficult for the Asian immigrants to participate in the US politics.
The utility income calculation of participation can easily contribute to the Asian immigrant’s immediate participation in economic matters and deferment of political activities in the US. The utility income calculation can cause negative effects on immigration and cultural barriers, thus cause a negative effect on the native born Americans of the Asian origin, due to a large processes of group activities in the largely Asian Areas.
The economic sojourner’s of the homeland is also taken as a factor that has contributed in making the Asian immigrants not to participate in the American politics. Many of the immigrants who come to the US tend to look for low paying jobs in their ethnic complex. Some of them do not usually plan to stay permanently in the United States, but rather plan to accomplish their economic goals and return to their homelands. This has been explained as the effect of sojourning.
Most of the Asian immigrants focus on the economic generating activities rather than political activities as a result of economic hardships they faced in their homeland, as well as due to sojourning intent. Hence, the issues of economic insecurity and sojourner’s complex might be a hindrance to the Asian immigrants to achieve economic goals as opposed to the political empowerment or attaining permanent citizenship. The education system can also affect the Asian’s participation in the political system of the US. The Asians also apply the utility calculation in the education system.
Many Asians students choose the natural science course and engineering versus the social sciences at the undergraduate or at major levels so as to increase their chances of getting high paying jobs. People in the social sciences tend to be more interested in politics than those in the natural sciences, because of the different educational purposes and socialization processes. The natural sciences have got a high number of student concentrations, thus the Asian students with a high education system might be affected by the depoliticizing effect.