Manual Voting System in the Philippines
Elections have played an integral role in the development of one’s country. Essentially, an election is a procedure by which members of communities and/or organizations choose persons to hold an office. It is a technique of rendering authority and/or creating representative bodies. Elections are often linked to the idea of democratic representation. Therefore, an election is a device for filling an office or posts through choices made by a designated body of people. In the Philippines, election is always looked forward to by most Filipinos.
It is conducted by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC), an independent constitutional body responsible for running the election. The Philippines elects on national level a head of state or the President and a legislature. The president is elected for a six-year term by the people and the vice-president is elected at the same time on a separate ballot. The Philippines also elects on a local level governors, vice governors, board members, mayors up to the barangay officials and the Sangguniang Kabataan or youth council members which is mandated in the current Constitution of the Philippines and the Local Government Code of 1991.
As compliance with this, a citizen has to register in order to vote. People at the age of 18 and above may vote, prior that registration is conducted by the COMELEC few months before the Election Day. There is also Sangguniang Kabataan election that is composed of the SK President and the councilors who are aging 15-18 years old. Voting is held nationwide in schools assigned as polling precincts. Mostly, public teachers are assigned to man the precincts. The election can be done through manual election or automated election system.
Manual election is described under Section 210 of the Omnibus Code of Elections which is a long process of counting. In manual election system, votes are cast by writing on a ballot the names of candidate in the certain position both for national and local positions or level. After writing, ballots are now dropped inside the ballot box. On the other hand, automated election system is using machine known as the PCOS. Statement of the Problem This research aims to determine which system used in election is most preferred by the BSA students at FAITH. In association with the study, the researchers would like to answer the following questions:
- What do the BSA students prefer for the May 2013 Election? a. Automated Election System(PCOS) b. Manual Election System
- What are the significance of using machine or of using manual count in the May 2013 Election?
- How will the BSA students be able to adapt to any change in the system of election on May 2013?
- Which is more effective? Manual System? Automated Election System? Significance of the Study
This research aims to seek and give information about the preference of BS Accountancy students about the system to be used on the May 2013 election. The researchers believe that this research has a great significance to the following:
To the students, who have different preferences about the election and have their own choices, for this may be a guide in selecting a system in election that will be a great factor in choosing our future leaders. To the teachers, for they will become more aware of the changes in the system of election, To the parents, who will guide and influence their children as they reach the right age to vote. To the future researchers, this research will serve as a tool to the development of their part and awareness about election and the government. This research can also be used as basis for future researches and studies.
The outcome of the study can be used as reference to similar studies especially with regards to the election system in the Philippines. Scope, Limitation and Delimitation This research is all about the system of election appropriate for the May 2013 Election. It specifically covers advantages and disadvantages of each system – the manual election system or automated election. This research is to be done with the BS Accountancy students of the First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities. Definition of Terms This presents the different technical terms that will be used in the research and their operational definition.
Automated Election System
- is a system using appropriate technology which has been demonstrated in the voting, counting, consolidating, canvassing, and transmission of election result, and other electoral process.
Manual Election System
- is a system that involves the traditional pen and paper way of voting, counting, canvassing and transmitting the election results and other electoral process.
Commission on Elections
- is a constitutional commission vested with the exclusive charge of enforcing all laws relative to elections and the power to decide all questions affective elections.