With reference to two of the stories that you have read discuss what makes Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle such a successful crime writer within the genre of detective writing Arthur Conan-Doyle is such a successful crime writer because he uses a wide range of techniques, such as using real names and places, to make it very believable. Conan-Doyle also chose elaborate and mysterious crimes for Sherlock Holmes to solve. Holmes doesn't use any supernatural powers to solve the crime but by using logical means so the reader can believe the stories more. Conan-Doyle introduces criminals early. The criminal usually has distinguishing features that set them apart from ordinary people.
As Conan-Doyle writes the story he gives the reader all the clues Holmes is given. Watson is also used to get Sherlock Holmes to explain the clues so the reader can believe they can solve the crime. I read the Speckled Band and A Scandal in Bohemia. The Speckled Band is about a woman who comes to Holmes fearing for her life. The woman is called Miss Stoner. When her mother died she left all her assets to her husband, Miss Stoners step-father, Dr Roylott. However, if the daughters were to marry they would get a percentage of the assets. When the sister was to marry she died suspiciously one night, however nothing could be proven.
Now Miss Stone is to marry and she has been moved to the room her sister died in. Miss Stoner is hearing the same noises her sister said she heard just before she died. We are introduced the clues as Holmes investigates. He sets a trap in the room Miss Stoner is supposed to be sleeping. When Watson and Holmes hear the hissing they beat at the bed. The hissing ceases and when they go into Dr Roylotts room they find him dead with a speckled snake around his head. A Scandal in Bohemia in about the king of Bohemia coming to Holmes to ask him to find a picture. The picture is in the possession of Irene Adler who says she will send it to the kings wife-to-be.
The picture is of Adler and the King together when they had an affair. Holmes sets up a trap to find the location of the picture. He finds it, but when he returns the next morning with the king Adler and the picture are gone. Adler realised it was Holmes so left. She left a note saying how she had fallen in love with a man and married him. She said she didn't plan on showing anyone the picture now she was married. The opening's of both stories help make them successful.
In the opening of the stories the criminal and the crime are introduced. By doing this Conan-Doyle is immediately getting the reader interested because now they know the crime, they want to know how it is solved. In a Speckled Band we are introduced to Miss Stoner early. She describes what happened to her sister and what she thinks is going to happen to her. When we hear that the only thing Miss Stoner's sister says it that it was the speckled band. This makes the reader want to know what the speckled band is, so they read on. Dr Roylott is introduced and made to seem like a dangerous man.
This also interests the reader, because people like dangerous and bad criminals. "Violence of temper approaching to mania has been hereditary in the men of the family and in my step-fathers case it had, I believe, been intensified by his long residence in the tropics." Miss Stoner is describing her step-fathers violence. Conan-Doyle is making the criminal appeal to the audience. The audience will assume he is a bad man and want him caught, but when he dies, the reader will think Dr Roylott deserved it because they have grown to hate him. Conan-Doyle also developed "Sherlockhomitos"
Sherlockhomitos is the technique employed by Sherlock Holmes of making deductions from very few clues. Conan-Doyle developed this technique in the Sherlock Holmes books. "You must have started early yet you had a good drive in a dog cart, along heavy roads, before you reached the station." This is an example of Sherlockhomitos in The Speckled Band. Sherlock Holmes has just seen Miss Stoner, yet he can work out her journey just from looking at her. This technique makes the reader more interested in the story because they wonder how Holmes deduced it. This also makes Holmes seem better than any other detective because, presumably, there is no other detective like him.
Conan-Doyle also uses real places and dates. This will enable the reader to presume it's real life, because it maybe a street they know, but it is real, so what makes the rest of the book not real? Some readers may feel the urge to visit the places and investigate themselves. Conan-Doyle describes the scene of the crime excellently so people can visualise the places in their head, and if they are able to see them themselves, it makes it all the more realistic.
With Sherlock Holmes seeming more intelligent than the reader, Conan-Doyle decides to introduce Watson. Watson helps the reader understand Sherlock Holmes' thinking by asking Holmes to explain what clues mean. Watson asks the questions the reader wants to know. Watson also help Holmes seem even more brilliant than his is because Watson is a doctor and when the book was released people had to be very intelligent to be doctors. They looked up to doctors and assumed there was very little they don't know. But Watson is having to get Holmes to explain things to him, so it is making it seem as though Holmes is better than doctors. It also makes the story more believable, because Watson seems likes an average middle-class man you could met on the street. Whereas many books become to good to be true because they are all about abnormal people. Watson often helps Holmes set a trap to capture the criminal or solve the crime.
In both stories Watson is involved in the trap. In A Scandal in Bohemia Watson is given a basic job and kept out of the main solving of the crime. But Sherlock Holmes sets up an elaborate trap, in A Scandal in Bohemia the whole street was involved. Conan-Doyle describes the trap with the high detail, he explains it just as though he was explaining it to the reader. In A Scandal of Bohemia the reader assumes that Holmes and the King will get the picture, however, Holmes is outwitted by a woman.
This is very shocking to the reader, as, in the time the book was written woman were looked down on by men and often had poor education. Yet Holmes, who the reader considers extremely clever, is outwitted by a woman. This makes Holmes seem normal again. Conan-Doyle never lets Holmes get too unrealistic. As Holmes explains how he knew the criminal and how they did the crime, he refers back to pieces of evidence we was given earlier in the book. This makes the reader finally understand the importance of the evidence given.
All the techniques make for a very good crime book. To the reader, the stories are very realistic because it never gets too unrealistic and everything sounds feasible. Conan-Doyle gives Holmes special techniques such as Sherlockhomitos to help him sound better than most people, but also makes him outwitted by Irene Adler in A Scandal of Bohemia so he seems normal again. Watson helps Conan-Doyle explain clues and such to the reader in more detail so they can understand them and build up their own theory in their head. This keeps the reader interested because they want more clues and to see if their theory is correct.