China is located in the east of the Asian continent, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea. It covers an area of about 9. 6 million square kilometres. China is the third largest country in the world (after Russia and Canada). From north to south, the territory of China spans over 49 latitudes, and from east to west, over 62 longitudes Area wise comparison with Rank| Country| Total in km? (sq mi)| Land in km? (sq mi)| Water in km?
(sq mi)| % water| Notes| other countries 4| China| 70069596961000000009,596,961 (3,705,407)| 70069569901000000009,569,901 (3,694,959)| 7005137060000000000137,060 (52,920)| 1. 41| The largest country entirely in Asia. [Note 4]| Population With more than 1. 3 billion people (1,336,718,015 as of mid-2011), China is the world's most populous country. As the world's population is approximately 6. 7 billion, China represents a full 20% of the world's population so one in every five people on the planet is a resident of China History of China | |
China, one of the countries that can boast of an ancient civilization, has a long and mysterious history - almost 5,000 years of it! Like most other great civilizations of the world, China can trace her culture back to a blend of small original tribes which have expanded till they became the great country we have today. It is recorded that Yuanmou man is the oldest hominoid in China and the oldest dynasty is Xia Dynasty. From the long history of China, there emerge many eminent people that have contributed a lot to the development of the whole country and to the enrichment of her history.
Among them, there are emperors like Li Shimin (emperor Taizong of the Tang), philosophers like Confucius, great patriotic poets like Qu Yuan and so on. Chinese society has progressed through five major stages - Primitive Society, Slave Society, Feudal Society, Semi-feudal and Semi-colonial Society, and Socialist Society. The rise and fall of the great dynasties forms a thread that runs through Chinese history, almost from the beginning. Since the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1st, 1949, China has become a socialist society and become stronger and stronger.
Religions & Beliefs in China China has been a multi-religion country since the ancient times. It is well known that Confucianism is an indigenous religion and is the soul of Chinese culture, which enjoyed popular support among people and even became the guiding ideology for feudalism society, but it did not develop into a national belief. It makes the culture more tolerant to others, thus, many other religions have been brought into the country in different dynasties, but none of them developed powerful enough in the history of China and they only provide diverse people more spiritual support.
During a long period of production and living practice, China has made great contribution to the world on the aspects of food resource exploration, diet treatment, nutrition and health care, dishware design and cuisine aesthetics. Intellectuals in China have created countless dishes with apt names, aromas, flavours and colours, greatly enhancing the dining experience. During these four or five thousand years of development, Chinese cuisine appears various features in different periods and regions.
Generally speaking, people in this country mainly live on the five common cereals and vegetables and added by a small supply of meat. This eating habit is formed by the mode of production which is centered by agriculture. Moreover, Chinese food makes cooked and hot food primary, which is related to the advance of culinary skills and early civilization of the country Art and craft It is common knowledge that China has a long history and glorious history in both arts and traditional crafts.
These are just two of the many jewels in China's over five thousand-year culture. The arts and crafts are not only the embodiment of the people's longing for aesthetic beauty for themselves and as gifts for others, but also great treasures for China and the rest of the world. Many of the master artisans have had their skills handed down via one generation to the next so that only the offspring of such an artisan could learn the necessary skills required. The result being that they are the most valuable treasures both for a family and for the nation.
Of all the Chinese arts and crafts, the most representative are Bronze Vessels, Folk Toys, Embroidery, Calligraphy, Music, Opera, Painting, Cloisonne, Jade, Kites, Lacquer Ware, Paper-Cuttings, Porcelain, Pottery, Seals, and Silk. They are not only a vivid reflection of Chinese culture but also the embodiment of both the Chinese people, and of the nation itself. Ancient Chinese Architecture | | | Together with European and Arabian architecture, ancient Chinese architecture is an important component of the world architectural system.
During its long development, it gradually formed into a style which featured timberwork combining stone carving, rammed earth construction, bucket arch buildings and many other techniques. Industrious Chinese laboring people created many architectural miracles such as the Great Wall, Forbidden City and the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor. Military powerhouse Military Power of the People's Republic of China is a publication of the United States Department of Defense that provides an estimation of the military power and strategy of the People's Republic of China.
Based on the report, Slate magazine writer Fred Kaplan called the Chinese military a "paper tiger" that is responsible for "about a quarter of the Pentagon's budget. " Economics: Trade wise (Export/Import) statistic, China is now the world's second-biggest economy, but some of its provinces by themselves would rank fairly high in the global league. Our map shows the nearest equivalent country. For example, Guangdong's GDP (at market exchange rates) is almost as big as Indonesia's; the output of both Jiangsu and Shandong exceeds Switzerland's.
Some provinces may exaggerate their output: the sum of their reported GDPs is 10% higher than the national total. But over time the latter has consistently been revised up, suggesting that any overstatement is modest. As part of China's continuing effort to become competitive in the global marketplace, China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. China's entry into the WTO has benefited coastal cities, especially in the southeast. Although a British crown colony until its return to Chinese control in 1997, Hong Kong has long been a major maritime outlet of South China. Manufacturing hub
China will remain an integral manufacturing destination for many tech companies despite growing wage costs and a strengthening yuan. However, its edge will not be on low-cost, labor-intensive work but on high-end manufacturing requiring higher-skilled workers, observers note. Chinese culture Chinese culture is one of the world's oldest cultures.  The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces. Important components of Chinese culture include literature, music, visual arts, martial arts, cuisine, etc