Local political issues

The population of Las Vegas increased markedly in recent decades, rising from 164,674 in the 1980 to 258,295 in the 1990 and the city’s population in 2000 was 478,434. In 2005, Las Vegas population’s was estimated at 545,147. According to the year 2000 census, whites constituted 69. 9 percent of the city’s population; blacks, 10. 4 percent; Asians, 4. 8 percent and the rest include; Native Americans, Hispanics etc. Increasingly, Las Vegas is home to people who have left California for Nevada.

California migrants constitute about one third of the newcomers to Las Vegas and contribute to the growth in home construction, landscaping, residential security, and light manufacturing in the increasingly varied Las Vegas economy (Marion Clawson, 1971) The growth of the Las Vegas metropolitan region was fastest in the nation in the 1990s, increasing 83% between 1990 and 2000. By the year 2005 the population reached 1,711,000 (July 1, 2006 Population Estimates: United States Census Bureau. July 1, 2006. Retrieved on 22/11/2007).

Economy Las Vegas bills itself as the “Entertainment Capital of the World,” and tourism, gaming, and entertainment represent a large portion of the city’s revenue. In addition to its renowned casinos, Las Vegas attracts visitors to its outdoor shows, including simulated volcanic eruptions, pirate duels on artificial lakes, and laser cannon displays. Indoor casino shows, with world-famous entertainers, are also popular. Annual events include the National Finals Rodeo and the Las Vegas Invitational Golf Tournament.

Las Vegas is a popular destination for tours and conventions, including COMDEX, an annual computer show. The Las Vegas Motor Speedway opened in 1996. The federal government is also a major presence in Las Vegas. Nellis Air Base is the city’s largest single employer. In addition, there are a number of military bases headquartered nearby, and a permanent nuclear waste site at Yucca Mountain has been proposed that will offer both employment and security to the city (Helen F. Ladd, 1998). Education and cultural issues The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV), was founded in 1957.

It is the main university in southern Nevada. The community college of southern Nevada has its main campus in North Las Vegas. Primary and secondary public education is provided by the Clark County School District (CCSD), which is the fifth largest school district in the nation. Projected enrollment for the 2007-2008 school year is 314,000 students in grades K-12. Specialty museums include the Liberace Museum (a museum dedicated to the flamboyant 20th-century Las Vegas performer and the Guinness World of Records Museum).

Other museums in Las Vegas include the Nevada State Museum and Historical Society, which features exhibits on Nevada’s history from 12,000 BC to 1950; the Las Vegas Natural History Museum, which houses wildlife and dinosaur exhibits; and the Las Vegas Art Museum (Dodds H. W, 1930). Transportation Southern Nevada’s metropolitan area express system is a bus rapid transit system that has many features of a rail service with the cost and flexibility of a bus, making it an effective transportation solution. It is transforming the image and the efficiency of public transportation in Las Vegas.

Las Vegas boasts more than 37 million visitors annually and is the fastest growing metropolitan area in the United States. Providing public transportation services to the area’s booming population and the substantial tourism industry present significant challenges. To succeed in these challenges some private transportation companies such as Veolia transportation strengthened the relationship with its client to develop all aspects of the operation. The local county therefore advocates for the need of the transportation companies to offer services that are efficient, safe and cost effective (Helen F.

Ladds, 1998) Security Similar to other cities that have large concentrations of migrants from Latin America, there has been concern about improving the security of the various migrant communities found in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. Many migrants are suspicious of the local police force and as a consequence, they frequently fail to report crimes that have been committed against them. In this context, civic leaders have called attention the need to improve relations between migrant communities and the local police (Herman G.

James, 1921). Labor Advocacy organizations that represent migrant workers have also called attention to the need to improve and enforce basic labor standards for migrant workers in Las Vegas and other areas of the U. S. Employers have frequently taken advantage of the precarious legal position of migrant workers who are not represented by unions. The violations of basic labor laws and standards vary, but they have included requiring migrant to work overtime without pay, garnishing wages for employer-related costs etc (Marion Clawson, 1971).