A local government refers to the governmental center of specific relatively smaller area. It is the main administrative workplace for all the transactions happen in that area. It is the center for all the negotiations. According to Wells (1939), it is the place where all necessary local dealings and connections together with its people meets and negotiates. As compare to a state or province, the area being governed by a local government covers as smaller proportion of land proper such as city, county, town or municipality.
According to Kemp (1999), a “city includes similar municipal political entities such as municipalities, towns, townships and boroughs. ” However, according to him, a county “are administrative arms of state that provide general government services such as courts, jails, law enforcements, land records, vital statistics, public health welfare and roads. As a state is being governed by its head, commonly known as governor, a city or municipality, however, is presided over by its elected authority known as the mayor.
The local government serves as a place for local affairs and interactions by those who are locally selected authority. It also refers to the legitimate organization of people, who are locally elected by the citizens living in the same area. The term ‘local government’ is used to differentiate it from a nation or state level known as national or central government. In most of the nations, where it is appropriate, each local government is authorized to work separately but can be interact with each other.
It is the level of the government that is accountable for the everyday operation of a city or municipality. Responsibilities of local government may include “the provision of public transport and public recreational facilities as well as the monitoring and enforcing of many environmental regulations” (http://www. google. com. ph/search? hl=en&lr=&defl =en&q=define:Local+government&sa=X&oi=glossary_definition&ct=title). In most of the nations, if suitable, local government usually covers a fewer powers as compared to the national government which covers the entire nation.
They have also the right to do some actions such as increase of taxes but still these are governed by the national legislation. The nature of the operation of local government varies greatly between countries, and between states or provinces of a country. In the United States, the various individual states have their laws which form the structure and organization of the local government. Since each state has its own form of local government, there are also different types of municipal government. In turn, the nature of each municipal government also differs from state to state.
The way on municipal governments undertakes its actions are generally based on the necessity of its constituents, on how it could improve its area of duty. The law of the states is the basis of the local government configuration. Each state in the US has at least two separate tiers: “counties (known in Louisiana as parishes and as boroughs in Alaska), and municipalities” (Wikipedia, 2006). In addition to the existence of local government in each state, frequently, there are also “local or regional special districts” (Zink, 1939).
The establishment of special districts is because for its specific purposes such as to provide local security, fire protection or service projects. The special districts serve as the place for dealings between the people and government authority. Moreover, in US local government, there’s what we call “consolidated city-county” (Patterson, 1940). It refers to a city or county that have been fused and combined into a single control. They shares same jurisdiction and follows the same rule and would have been influenced by the same high authority.
The local government and the state interact mutually. The local government, the cities, municipalities, counties are the one who form and give rise to a state. They provide necessities for the meaningful operation of the state. The state, however, creates the local government and dictates the authorities of locally elected official he may exercise. This paper tackles the operation of local government of Texas. It also analyzes and assesses the form of its local government and the role of the local officials.