Liberal peace theory

Chester & Fen (91) argues that strongly interdependent states have vast similarities in terms of their interest and demands that assist in deriving their identity. As indicated earlier, economic stability is the dream of all nations globally. It is from this dream that linking with others in search for supplies and a service is built. Being considered as one of the member state for the Latin America Free Trade Association, the member countries are able to resolve major differences amicably instead of resulting to conflicts.

Due to lack of effective and strong interdependence among the African countries, there is tendency to use war as the major method of solving their conflicts which yields to reduced instability (Cederman, 102). Identity entails following certain norms and regulations that are laid down by the integrating countries as the major baseline. Latin America countries established the Montevideo Treaty of 1980 which all members should adhere to for full incorporation. This identity therefore binds and courts the members under its umbrella for similar benefits enjoyment.

According to Erickson & Kochevi (105-108), due to the much anticipated benefits that interdependent countries reap from their togetherness, there has been an upsurge of third party demand for inclusion into their systems and considerations. North America Free Trade Area has been under numerous requests from Latin America, South American states and most of Asia countries to link and establish preferential treatments systems with them (Gartzke et al, 392-395).

As a result there has been an upsurge in democracy among the different countries that establish direct relationship with US. Acting as one of the demands and requirements for joining the system, extended demands for non war and considerations of strong human and developmental values increases the overall stability. According to the liberal peace theory, Edward & Mansfield (69-71) points out that liberal democracies never get to war with others. According to Immanuel Kant, people in any particular state are strongly driven by demands for peace and stability.

Arguing that democratic governance represents the people who set them in place, the theory indicates that the will of the people should be manifested in the mode their state is managed. However, the culture of democracy has been lost and majority of the countries are lead by strong bureaucrats that are oppressive and self seeking (Russett & John, 58-61). The theory demands for cooperation and negotiation between the member states as a direct way of ensuring lasting peace and stability in different regions.

Through cognitive routines and participatory democracy, it is of essence to ensure that consequent considerations that binds nations and states via holistic outward demand. Liberal scholars argue that economic interdependence is a strong post for enforcing constitutional constrains as well as liberal norms through creation of transnational ties which promote accommodation and consultation rather than use of conflict to solve their problems.

Globally, all countries are geared towards peaceful stability that emanates from man inbuilt system of direct feedback between the producers and consumers both locally and internationally. As a result, economic interdependence assists in brooding easier flow of technology necessary for ensuring stronger cohesive productive capacity. Acting to promote democracy and effective space in the cooperation realms, Kantian peace theory sees integration as a stepping stone for different countries to specialize and raise their production due to the large extended interlink with others (Chester & Fen, 78-79).