Why do settings have policies and procedures? The settings have policies and procedures because it is the law and its is also to safe guard the children and yourself in the setting. Risks and Hazards Fill in the gaps to show that you understand about the balance between risk and safety. Use the words in the box Concerns about children’s safety and a fear that something awful may happen to them can prevent children from trying out new activities and learning new skills. To allow children to learn about safety, it is necessary to allow them to take risks.
A child will not learn how to balance on a two – wheel bike unless he or she is given the opportunity. Carers must be careful not to over protect children as this may stop them being creative and adventurous. The skill is in monitoring safety without preventing children from tackling a new challenge. In this way confidence and self-belief develop. A child who is not allowed to tackle challenges will not learn to make judgement for his or herself. Task 3: Risk Assessments See if you can spot at least 5 hazards in the picture. Child is not holding on to the swing when playing on it. A child is eating berries. Faeces in the sand box.
The adults are too busy talking. Child is working through the gate. Child is walking up the slide instead of using the steps. 2 children are arguing and one is pushing the other one. Choose 3 of the hazards and describe what YOU could do to reduce the risk. Ask the adults to stop chatting and pay attention to the children that they are looking after. They will have plenty of time to talk at the end of work. Remove the faeces from the sand pit and make sure it is covered up when they have finished with it. Talk to the 2 children that are arguing and ask them what’s the problem and say to them that that is not how they should behave.
Get them to apologise to each other and if they are still not happy with each other then they should play with other people. What is a risk? A risk is the chance that somebody can become hurt by a hazard. Describe the 5 stages of risk assessment (www. hse. gov. uk). 1. Identify the hazards 2. Decide who might be harmed and how 3. Evaluate the risks and decide on precaution 4. Record your findings and implement them 5. Review your assessment and update if necessary Q) What is the role of the Health and Safety Executive? The Health and Safety Executive is a non-departmental public body.
It is the H&S Executive responsibility for the enforcement of health, safety and welfare in the workplace. HINT – http://www. hse. gov. uk/ It is important that you understand the lines of responsibility and reporting for health and safety in your setting. This includes your responsibilities and the responsibilities of others, and knowing who you should report to. Fill in the diagram below to explain this. Add more people if you need to. Complete the two spider diagrams below to show examples of steps you should take to ensure safety both within your setting and during off-site visits. Safety in your setting.
Safety on an outing Medicines and Illness Decide if the circumstances below require urgent or non-urgent medical attention. Write ‘urgent’ or ‘non-urgent’ in the right-hand column for each example given. Circumstance Urgent or non-urgent medical attention? 1 A child has eaten some scrambled egg, and begins to complain of itchiness. He looks pale with a puffy face. Urgent 2 A child is sitting down. She appears to be wheezing and has trouble breathing. Urgent 3 A rash appears on a child, with no other symptoms of illness. Non urgent 4 A child is sneezing, with a runny nose and has a temperature of 38°C.
Non urgent 5 A child has redness and soreness in one eye, with a thick yellow discharge. Non urgent 6 A child loses consciousness, and becomes twitchy and rigid. Urgent 7 A child has a fever of over 39°C, and a rash that does not fade under a glass. Urgent 8 A child bumps their head and complains of a headache. Later on in the day the child vomits. Urgent 9 A child has been vomiting for more than 12 hours. Urgent Explain your role and responsibility if urgent medical attention is required by a child, young person or adult: I would make sure that I stay clam and get a first aider to the child/adult.
Then I would ring for an ambulance. Once the ambulance was on its way I would then make sure that the parents/carer are informed of what has happened but making sure that I’m charm and keep reassuring them. Explain what the procedure is in your setting for administering medicine: The parents have to go to the main reception and they will have to fill in a form called Medication in school. They need to fill in what type of medication it is and the dosage that the child needs, the class the child is in and then they need to sign and date the form.
Then the class will write on the whiteboard the name of the child and the time the medicine is needed and they will also put a sticker on the child which says that they need medicine and the time. Now complete the true or false quiz below about the receipt, storage and administration of medicine. See who gets the most correct answers! Situation True False Medicine should be kept on the shelf in the same room as the children. Medicine should have the child’s name on it and should only be given to that child.
Only medicine prescribed by a doctor should be given to the child. It is ok to follow the parent’s instructions and not those on the bottle. If the child spits the medicine out, you can just give them a bit more. The nursery is legally required to administer medicine. You can give a paracetamol suspension after you have spoken to the parents on the telephone to ask their permission. If you can’t find a medicine spoon it is ok to use a teaspoon as the measure is the same. Please read your Setting Health and Safety Policy- make a summary on the policy review below.