Abortion is one of the most controversial topics in the United States; it has continued to elicit heated debates for ages now. It continues to pit the conservatives who are opposed to its legalization and the liberals who insist that such a decision rests on the woman and not the state. This paper holds the view that abortion is not morally wrong but rather is right that should be accorded to all women. Prior to the legalization of abortion in the United States as held in the roe v wade, the existing statistics point at high number of female fatalities as they sought backstreet abortions.
The roe v wade was a landmark court ruling that opened the doors to legalized abortions in America. Whereas prior to that, women had to conform to stringent requirements, roe v wade court ruling made it possible for women to acquire abortions before the third trimester. This was an affirmation of the essence of choice; it armed women with the ability to make a choice of whether to procure abortion or to proceed with the pregnancy. It settled the long held ethical battle in regard to the proper age when a fetus can be considered living and subject to constitutional protection (Blackorby, Bossert, Donaldson 152)
Indeed according to utilitarianism, abortion is acceptable. The utilitarian principle that owe its origin to Stuart mill holds that an issue might be held to be ethically appropriate if it stands to benefit majority of the society or if it reduces pain. Abortion indeed is at the core of womanhood and can determine the nature of the life that a woman pursues, either by choosing abortion or by choosing to bear the child. The happiness of the mother is at stake when it comes to abortion. A look at abortion indicates that it is procured before the 23rd week of into the pregnancy.
According to medics, at such an age, the fetus cannot yet experience pain. Abortion hence becomes an acceptable choice as it does not hurt the fetus and relieves the mother of a burden. This also rids the world of unwanted children while also freeing women from the pressures of maternal obligations (Singer 148). The raging arguments against abortion are strong and have prevailed for long. One of the major arguments is that abortion is wrong and that it impeded on the sanctity of life. This argument holds that life begins at conception and the sanctity of life is violated once the fetus is removed.
This raises the age old question of person hood and when indeed a person can be considered to be living. Some emphasize that life begins at differentiation and hence abortion negates this and is morally wrong (Kogan 61). Indeed it is important to recognize that the support for abortion is not meant to diminish the importance of life, life is precious and all efforts should be aimed at preserving it. However, the bone of contention arises when sanctity of the fetus overtakes the happiness and well being of the mother.
It is not morally wrong to carry out abortion; the survival of the fetus should be determined by human beings. It is hence prudent and also ethically right to give mother the right to either choose abortion or a pregnancy. Works Cited Singer P. Practical ethics. Cambridge University Press, 1993, 148 Blackorby, C. , Bossert W. , Donaldson D. Population issues in social-choice theory, welfare economics and ethics. Cambridge University Press, 2005, 152 Kogan B. A Time to be born and a time to die: the ethics of choice. Aldine Transaction. 1991, 61