The right to be heard is the third principle that should be given attention in matters related to juvenile legal justice and rights. It should be well understood that every child has the right to freely express his or her opinions/views in all matters that affecting him/her. Throughout the whole juvenile justice administration process, this right should be implemented and respected so that the rights are given in fulfillment.
Some recent research indicate that there has been increasing juvenile voices within the realms of juvenile justice systems, and they are more and more becoming a powerful force or tool through which the juvenile justice system can be reformed and improved (Dinitz, 1972, p. 31). Right to survival, development and life Another crucial principle is the right to survival, development and life. This is an inherent right of every child and which should inspire and guide the process of effective programmes and national policies aimed at preventing juvenile delinquency.
The fact that delinquency has a very negative influence (impact) on the juvenile’s development goes without saying and there the principle argues on the basis that the juvenile’s development must result from juvenile response policy addressing this right. It is, therefore, from this fundamental right that life imprisonment sentence and death penalty are explicitly prohibited if no parole is done (Sanders, 1970, p. 37). At the same time, the juvenile’s social reintegration and harmonious development are critically hampered by liberty deprivation which always has very grave consequences.
It is in this regard that all forms of liberty deprivation are used only as the last resort measures. These liberty deprivations include arrest, imprisonment, and detention, and through this realization, the law explicitly provides that the juvenile’s development right is fully ensured and respected. The principle of dignity The principle of dignity provides the fundamental principle’s set of the treatment that should be accorded to juvenile who get themselves in conflict with the law.
The first is the principle that ensures consistency of the juvenile’s worth and dignity. This is the principle that gives a reflection of the fundamental human right which states that all individuals are born equal and free in rights and dignity. It is an inherent right to worth and dignity, and which must be protected as well as respected throughout the entire juvenile justice process until the stage of measures’ implementation.
The other principle that is enshrined in juvenile dignity is ensuring juvenile treatment that will reinforce the juvenile’s respect for the freedom of others and respect for the human rights. This is in agreement with underlying knowledge that the juvenile must be brought up through appropriate ideals and guidelines. The juvenile justice system on the other hand must ensure that children education and treatment shall always be aimed at others’ freedoms and human rights respect development.
Moreover, this principle demands implementation and full respect that eventually guarantees fair trial to all juveniles (Albert, 2004, p. 29). It is only on such conditions that the key juvenile justice system actors (the police officers, probation officers, judges, and prosecutors) will fully ensure that the juvenile will respect freedoms and rights of others if they themselves protect and respect these guarantees.