Legacies of the totalitarian system

The majority of both Senate and Chamber of Deputies was obtained by two political parties (Social Democratic Party and Democratic Party), both members of Socialist International and they pursue a socialist ideology.

This socialist ideology claims principles (e.g. pluralism) which are new: "However, it is only possible to speak of democracy if people have a free choice between various political alternatives in the framework of free elections" or some other (e.g. reliance on state) which were already applied in Romanian political life after 1947: "There is no single or fixed model for economic democracy and there is room for bold experimentation in different countries. But the underlying principle is clear – not simply formal, legal control by the State, but substantial involvement by workers themselves and by their communities in economic decision-making.

This principle must apply both nationally and internationally". Despite the socialist ideology based on public property promoted by the Socialist International, SDP, the Romanian ruling party claims the agreement with market economy but rejects the social transformation towards the individualistic values and norms: "the society…needs the reconstruction of the economy on the principles of the capitalist market economy and a sustainable development. We favor the market social economy but we reject the market society." Using initially the credits obtained during the 1989 enforced regime change for mobilization of population, these credits faded away after two elections (1990 and 1992).

Year 1996 represented a great victory for the opposition which afterwards proved not to be yet prepared for the reins of power. After four years of economic disappointments, following the 2000 elections, SDP came to power as per Figure 2. It uses nowadays the ideological socialist principle of "social justice and equality" to mobilize a population remained partly attached to the collectivistic values and norms and, additionally, the credits related to the work done towards acquis communautaire and Romania's integration in EU.

As Linz and Stepan (1996) characterized the post-totalitarian leadership "recruitment of top leaders is restricted to official party". SDP is represented actually by the President of Senate, the President of Chamber of Deputies and the majority of ministers. The president of the country was member of SDP (according to 2003 constitution the elected president must withdraw from the party which promoted and supported him in elections).

Bibliography:

http://www.constitutia.ro/ (Romanian only)

http://www.socialistinternational.org/4Principles/dofpeng.html

http://www.liberal-international.org/

http://www.psd.ro/index.php

http://www.pnl.ro/?id=principii (Romanian only)

http://www.gov.ro/engleza/guvernul/cabinet.php

http://romania-on-line.net/whoswho/DorneanuValer.htm

http://romania-on-line.net/whoswho/VacaroiuNicolae.htm

http://romania-on-line.net/whoswho/IliescuIon.htm